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Discussion Paper

温暖化に伴う水害の激甚化を受けて、地方自治体において防災・減災対策と適応策を統合し、適応能力と感受性により構成される脆弱性を低減させることが急務である。しかし、適応能力は多様な社会経済的な要素を含むため、政策上どの構成要素が重要であるかに関する包括的な検討は限定的である。そこで、本稿は、アンケート調査を実施し、地方自治体の現在の防災対策実施状況(ハード・ソフト・転換策の合計44対策)と各対策に関する将来の適応策の必要性認識に基づいて適応能力と感受性の構成要素の重要度を評価した。結果として、重要度が高く評価された適応能力要素は、地域コミュニティの「インフラ」(防災用)、「教育」(自主避難判断力、危険認知度)、「情報」(監視警戒力、情報伝達力)、「コミュニティガバナンス」(避難誘導力)、並びに...

Book Chapter
In Fostering transformative change for sustainability in the context of socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS)
Author:
Maiko
Nishi
Suneetha
M. Subramanian
Himangana
Gupta
Madoka
Yoshino

This chapter introduces the idea of transformative change for sustainability and its relevance to the concept and practices of socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS). First, it lays out the context where transformative change has been described as a way of fundamental, system-wide reorganisation of technological, economic and...

Book Chapter
In Fostering Transformative Change for Sustainability in the Context of Socio- Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes (SEPLS)
Author:
Maiko
Nishi
Suneetha
M. Subramanian
Himangana
Gupta
Madoka
Yoshino

This chapter synthesises major findings from the eleven case studies from different countries across the world (i.e. Kenya and Madagascar from Africa; Chinese Taipei, India, Nepal and the Philippines from Asia; Italy, Spain and UK from Europe; Antigua and Barbuda and Colombia from Latin America) concerning SEPLS management in relation to...

Book Chapter
In Water, Climate Change, and Sustainability
Author:
Vishnu Prasad
Pandey
Sangam
Shrestha
David
Wiberg

Various drivers such as population growth, land use/cover change, unsustainable consumption pattern, and climate change are putting pressure on limited resources available within our planetary boundaries, thus, raising concerns on their sustainability. Coordinated actions at levels ranging from global to local are required to ensure sustainability...

Book Chapter
In Water, Climate Change and Sustainability

Adoption of sustainable development goals (SDGs) offers a targeted and time‐bound approach for sustainable development. Water, along with its dedicated goal (SDG6), is at the core of SDGs due to its interdependency and synergistic relationship with all SDGs. Implementation of SDG6, as well as other SDGs, remains a challenge for many countries due...

Book Chapter
In Media and Disaster Risk Reduction Advances, Challenges and Potentials
Author:
Suman
Basnet
Rajib
Shaw
Dhrupad
Chaudhury

The Himalaya and Hindu Kush Region (HKH) is one of the world's most fragile ecosystems in terms of climate change and its impacts, such as, slow- and fast-onset disasters. Traditionally, nature and human beings have co-existed in this area with indigenous and local knowledge (ILK) systems and practices being used in different ways, such as for...

Book Chapter
In 気候変動から世界をまもる30の方法

この本は、子どもといっしょに気候変動を知る・学ぶ入門書として出版された。

「人類の土地利用が気候変動に与えた影響」では、科学が警告する地球環境の激変の1つとして、「土地利用・食料生産・気候変動の深い関係」、「熱帯林の減少による二酸化炭素排出量は日本の2倍」、「気候変動防止のための将来の土地利用」について、科学的データを元にやさしく解説した。

Book Chapter
In Implementing the Satoyama Initiative for the benefit of biodiversity and human well-being
Author:
Raffaela
Kozar

Primary production, including agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and fisheries is the strongest driver of biodiversity loss globally. It can, however, contribute to biodiversity conservation if wisely managed such as in ‘Satoyama’ and ‘Satoumi’, or socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS), where production activities support...

Book Chapter
In Sustainability Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa I: Continental Perspectives and Insights from Western and Central Africa
Author:
Yaw
Boafo
Godfred
Jasaw
Gerald
Yiran
Rodolfo
Lam
Geetha
Mohan
Gordana
Kranjac-Berisavljevic

Droughts and floods are some of the major climatic hazards in the semi-arid areas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Climate change affects the periodicity and severity of such hazards, and eventually the well-being of many rural communities in the region, including semi-arid Ghana. Enhancing the resilience of local communities to droughts and floods...

Book Chapter

A few decades ago, the surface waterbodies in Hanoi, Vietnam, were an important source of water for various usages. However, because of the rapid global changes, the current status of most of the river system is very critical from the environmental, aesthetic and commercial usage points of view. Henceforth, this research work focused on assessing...