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Policy Report

本レポートは、2021年6月に発表された生物多様性及び生態系サービスに関する政府間科学-政策プラットフォーム(IPBES)/気候変動に関する政府間パネル(IPCC)合同ワークショップ報告書「IPBES-IPCC Co-Sponsored Workshop Report on Biodiversity and Climate Change」の和訳を中心に、IGES研究員による解説や関連情報、IPBES及びIPCC関係者による鼎談等を収録したものです。ここには、生物多様性と気候変動への統合的な取り組みの重要性と論点、ならびに今後のIPBESやIPCCなどへの示唆がわかりやすく解説されています。

Peer-reviewed Article
In Land Degradation & Development
Author:
Deha
Umarhadi
Ram
Avtar
Wirastuti
Widyatmanti
Ali
Yunus
Khaled
Khedher
Gulab
Singh

Full text available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/share/author/CJXTXC7FFCKFZBJBWH2H?targe…

 

Peatlands in tropical regions like Indonesia are undergoing irreversible subsidence due to changes in land use (e.g., deforestation) and land management practices (e.g., drainage alteration), resulting in massive amounts of soil...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Computers, Environment and Urban Systems
Author:
Ronald
Estoque
Xuecao
Li
Ram
Avtar
Damasa
Macandog

Many developing countries in Asia are experiencing rapid urban expansion in climate hazard prone areas. To support climate resilient urban planning efforts, here we present an approach for simulating future urban land-use changes and evaluating potential flood exposure at a high spatial resolution (30 m) and national scale. As a case study, we...

Discussion Paper

温暖化に伴う水害の激甚化を受けて、地方自治体において防災・減災対策と適応策を統合し、適応能力と感受性により構成される脆弱性を低減させることが急務である。しかし、適応能力は多様な社会経済的な要素を含むため、政策上どの構成要素が重要であるかに関する包括的な検討は限定的である。そこで、本稿は、アンケート調査を実施し、地方自治体の現在の防災対策実施状況(ハード・ソフト・転換策の合計44対策)と各対策に関する将来の適応策の必要性認識に基づいて適応能力と感受性の構成要素の重要度を評価した。結果として、重要度が高く評価された適応能力要素は、地域コミュニティの「インフラ」(防災用)、「教育」(自主避難判断力、危険認知度)、「情報」(監視警戒力、情報伝達力)、「コミュニティガバナンス」(避難誘導力)、並びに...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Environmental Management
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
MRITTIKA
BASU
Rakesh
Kadaverugu
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Ram
Avtar
Priyanka
Mitra

Globally, shifting cultivation is known to be an important driver of tropical deforestation. However, we argue that it can be sustainably managed if the environmental boundary conditions, laid by the traditional customs and practices, are fully respected. We narrate an empirical study from the Zunheboto district of Nagaland, India, where we...

Policy Report

This report is the third compilation report on policies and measures with regards to marine plastics litter taken / to be taken by the participating countries, regions and organizations. This comprehensive report was produced under the responsibility of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, Government of Italy, with the support of the Ministry of...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Biological Conservation
Author:
Arief
Darmawan
Hendarto

Scholars have quantified the impact of the production and consumption of commodities, in particular agricul- tural commodities, on biodiversity loss. Certification schemes, meanwhile, have been instituted as a means to limit biodiversity loss caused by the production of some of these commodities. This paper clarifies how biodi- versity loss can be...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Shahab
Jozdani
Dongmei
Chen
Wenjun
Chen
Sylvain
Leblanc
Christian
Prévost
Julie
Lovitt
Liming
He

Lichen is an important food source for caribou in Canada. Lichen mapping using remote sensing (RS) images could be a challenging task, however, as lichens generally appear in unevenly distributed, small patches, and could resemble surficial features. Moreover, collecting lichen labeled data (reference data) is expensive, which restricts the...

Presentation
Asia Pacific Climate Week 2021 Side event "Utilizing forest functions for mitigating and adapting to climate change"

In our presentation, we propose an approach to consider wellbeing of local communities who live closely to forests for climate change mitigation and adaptation. We discuss the approach by referring to an issue of energy scarcity in a community and REDD+ as a measure to address the issue.

 

Presentation

科学者も政策決定者もこれまで別々の課題として対応してきた生物多様性と気候変動の課題への統合的な取組を強化すべく、2020年12月に生物多様性と気候変動に関するIPBESとIPCCの合同ワークショップが開催されました。このワークショップからのキーメッセージを含むワークショップ報告書、ならびにその科学的根拠を整理した科学的成果(Scientific Outcomes)が2021年6月に発表されました。このスライドでは、日本の一般読者向けにワークショップ報告書の内容を日本語で短く解説しています。

Scientists and policymakers have been tackling biodiversity loss and climate change, the two most...