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Policy Report

Open waste burning is a widespread practice that is provoked by a lack of systematic waste collection, the unavailability of other disposal options, and inadequate land for the final disposal of the collected waste, especially in low- and middle-income countries. From a global perspective, two billion people have no waste collection at all, and the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Nature-Based Solutions

More than 90 systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation (NBS-CCA). These prior reviews, however, are scattered across more than 45 different peer-reviewed journals and gray literature sources, making it difficult to follow all of the knowledge generated and remaining research gaps. In...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sensors
Author:
Kamran
Ali

Detailed Land-Use and Land-Cover (LULC) information is of pivotal importance in, e.g., urban/rural planning, disaster management, and climate change adaptation. Recently, Deep Learning (DL) has emerged as a paradigm shift for LULC classification. To date, little research has focused on using DL methods for LULC mapping in semi-arid regions, and...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability

The global demand for plastic is expected to double in the next 20 years. The increasing demand for Single-Use Plastic Products (SUPPs) has become one of the main environmental problems in many developing countries, including Sri Lanka, through direct and indirect means, in the way of excessive consumption and the pollution of the environment...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Global Environmental Change
Author:
Fatema
Khatun
Md. Nasif
Ahsan
Sonia
Afrin
Jeroen
Warner
Reazul
Ahsan
Bishwajit
Mallick

Despite suffering significantly from the adverse impacts of climate change and human-induced hazards, many
people at risk deliberately choose not to migrate from hazard-prone areas in coastal Bangladesh. As many of
them encounter significant challenges in maintaining their livelihoods, ascertaining how and under what circumstances
voluntary non...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
Author:
Hiratsuka
Motoshi
Hozumi
Hashiguchi
Miki
Toda

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has been implemented over the past decade, and has led to a restructuring of forest governance systems in host countries. In the case of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, which is promoting REDD+, activities have been implemented at national, sub-national and project scales...

Keywords:
Peer-reviewed Article
In Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Author:
Lin
Gao
Roshanak
Darvishzadeh
Ben
Somers
Yu
Wang
Jochem
Verrelst
Xiaofei
Wang
Clement
Atzberger

Understanding how biophysical and biochemical variables contribute to the spectral characteristics of vegetation canopies is critical for their monitoring. Quantifying these contributions, however, remains difficult due to extraneous factors such as the spectral variability of canopy background materials, including soil/crop-residue moisture, soil...

Peer-reviewed Article
In ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Author:
Fatemeh
Rafiei
Saied
Gharachelou
Saeed
Golian

Climate change and overpopulation have led to an increase in water demands worldwide. As a result, land subsidence due to groundwater extraction and water level decline is causing damage to communities in arid and semiarid regions. The agricultural plain of Samalghan in Iran has recently experienced wide areas of land subsidence, which is...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Land Degradation and Development
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
Harini
Santhanam
Dhanya
Bhaskar
Indu K
Murthy
Kripal
Singh

Land degradation, extending over 96 million hectares is a primary ecological issue for India that has resulted in catastrophic biodiversity loss and exacerbated extreme weather occurrences. One of the major sources of land degradation is large-scale coal mining to realize country's expanding energy demands. By 2050 climate change and land...

Working Paper
Author:
Sumit
Prasad
Shikha
Bhasin

This study performs a comparative analysis of the two existing monitoring and evaluation (M&E) methodologies , Capacity-Building Assessment Matrix (CBAM) and Greenhouse Gas Inventories (GHGI) Capacity Indices , both of which aim at undertaking quantitative assessments of capacity-building efforts for climate reporting aspects. In the study...