Results 1 - 10 of 81 (Sorted by date)
Book Chapter
Author:

 世界経済の成長センターとなってきた東アジアが様々なリスクにさらされています。緊張が高まる台湾海峡や朝鮮半島といった伝統的な安全保障リスクだけではありません。中国の台頭などによるパワーシフトと戦後の国際秩序の揺らぎが地政学的リスクを増大させ、「新冷戦」とも称される米中の大国間競争の影響が地域の経済や産業、科学技術、文化、教育など多方面に及び始めています。米ソの冷戦の最前線が欧州だったのに対し、「新冷戦」の最前線は東アジアだとの見方があります。
 この地域の著しい技術革新や産業経済の発展自体も新たなリスクをもたらしています。人工知能(AI)などのデジタル技術の発展はさらなる経済成長のエンジンとなる一方、人々の想像を超えて、経済社会の在り方そのものを変える可能性があります...

Book Chapter
In The UN Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2022 (GAR 2022)
Author:
T. Goto, H. Sakai, A. Dewi, S. Jayasinghe, S. Basnayake, R.D. Kartiko, N.M.S.I. Arambepola

[Please refer to Page 74 in GAR2022 where this work is cited. The full paper will be online soon at the same website as GAR2022]

The rapidly changing socio-economic landscape of the Southeast Asian countries is an important driver for systemic risks such as climate change and hydro-geological disasters.  Global processes such as the SFDRR, the...

Book Chapter
In SCOPING STUDY ON COMPOUND, CASCADING AND SYSTEMIC RISKS IN THE ASIA PACIFIC 2021
Author:
Vishnu Prasad
Pandey
Anil
Pohkrel
Rajendra
Sharma
Sanjaya
Giri
Nagendra
Kayastha

The ‘Scoping study on compound, cascading and systemic risks in the Asia-Pacific’, undertaken by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and Asia Pacific Scientific and Technical Advisory Group (AP-STAG), presents an important opportunity to explore the challenges and potential associated with better understanding and managing...

Book Chapter
In Groundwater for Sustainable Livelihoods and Equitable Growth
Author:
Paul
Pavelic
D.
Suhardiman
O.
Keovilignavong
C.
Clément
J.
Vinckevleugel
S.M.
Bohsung
K.
Xiong
L.
Valee
M.
Viossanges
S.
Douangsavanh
T.
Sotoukee
K.G.
Villholth
K.
Vongsathiane

Groundwater offers smallholder farmers in the lowlands of Lao PDR opportunities to diversify cropping beyond wet season paddy and thus enhance their livelihoods while reducing climate risks. This chapter focuses on evaluating existing and specifically developed groundwater irrigation options on the Vientiane Plain, and framing the findings around...

Book Chapter
In Global Pandemic and Human Security: Technology and Development Perspective

COVID-19 has changed the way we understand risk and vulnerability. The pandemic provides a more in-depth understanding of how systemic risks work and how they affect lives, livelihoods and economies at a broader scale. Consequently, a range of impacts was observed, including loss of human health, livelihoods, loss of general wellbeing, protracted...

Book Chapter
In Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Author:
R. A. Begum, R. Lempert, E. Ali, T.A. Benjaminsen, T. Bernauer, W. Cramer, X. Cui, K. Mach, G. Nagy, N.C.Stenseth, R. Sukumar, P. Wester
et al.

The IPCC Working Group II contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report addresses the challenges of climate action in the context of sustainable development with a particular focus on climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Since IPCC AR5, human influence on the Earth’s climate has become unequivocal, increasingly apparent, and...

Book Chapter
In Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Author:
R. Shaw, Y. Luo, T. Sung Cheong, S. A. Halim, S. Chaturvedi, M. Hashizume, G. E. Insarov, Y. Ishikawa, M. Jafari, A. Kitoh, J. Pulhin
et al.

Observed surface air temperature has increased in the 20th century all over Asia (high confidence1). Asian countries are experiencing a hotter summer climate, resulting in an increase in energy demand for cooling at a rapid rate, together with population growth (high confidence). A decrease in precipitation influences energy demand as well, as...

Book Chapter
In China's Carbon-Energy Policy and Asia's Energy Transition: Carbon Leakage, Relocation and Halos

India has an ambitious renewable energy target for the decades ahead. However, the targets are faced with two critical impediments: (1) the lack of an internationally competitive renewable equipment manufacturing industry domestically and (2) the overdependency on external supply sources for equipment and machinery. The chapter finds that, despite...

Book Chapter
In Managing Aquifer Recharge: A Showcase for Resilience and Sustainability
Author:
Karen G.
Villholth
Tsutomu
Ichikawa

In this novel and integrated MAR approach, an offsetting scheme under the concept of payment for ecosystem services (PES) is used to enhance groundwater recharge along the Shirakawa River in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. The scheme gives a cash incentive to farmers who pond their abandoned rice fields for groundwater recharge. For a specified period...

Book Chapter
In Sustainability in Natural Resources Management and Land Planning

This chapter identifies significant transformations in agricultural land in terms of land use and land-use changes, analyses major drivers and trade-offs, and describes substantial policy interventions to arrest negative trends. The rapidly growing population and their needs constitute one of the significant drivers of land-use changes in the Asia...