Results 1 - 10 of 93 (Sorted by date)
Book Chapter
In Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Author:
Hijioka, Y., E. Lin, J.J. Pereira, R.T. Corlett, X. Cui, G.E. Insarov, R.D. Lasco, E. Lindgren, and A. Surjan

Warming trends and increasing temperature extremes have been observed across most of the Asian region over the past century (high confidence). {24.3}
Water scarcity is expected to be a major challenge for most of the region as a result of increased water demand and lack of good management (medium confidence). {24.4.3}
The impacts of climate change...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

In 20 09, Japan pledged to reduce its GHG emissions by 25% from 1990 levels by 2020 (“ Copenhagen Pledge” ). The achievement of the target depended largely on a large expansion of nuclear power. However, this ambitious plan became unfeasible af er the Fukushima nuclear disaster of March 2011.
This paper conducted a comprehensive review of Japan’ s...

Discussion Paper

2014年11月12日、米中首脳会談後の共同声明において、米国と中国が、以下のような温室効果ガス(GHG)の排出削減目標を発表した。
o 米国:2025年までにGHG排出量を2005年比で26~28%削減
o 中国:2030年頃までに、なるべく早い時期にCO2排出量を頭打ち(ピークアウト); 一次エネルギー消費における非化石燃料の割合を2030年までに約20%
 本稿では、米中の2020年以降の温暖化対策目標について、既存文献で示される両国の排出経路シナリオと比較することにより、目標の野心度についての評価を行った。評価するに当たり、気温上昇2℃未満抑制に向けた排出経路との整合性、及び目標達成のための追加的な努力の必要性、という二つの評価軸を用いた。前者は環境十全性の視点から評価であり...

Peer-reviewed Article
Author:
Roger N.
Jones
Anand
Patwardhan
Stewart J.
Cohen
Suraje
Dessai
Annamaria
Lammel
Robert J.
Lempert
M. Monirul Qader
Mirza
Hans von
Storch

Decision support for impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability is expanding from science-driven linear methods to a wide range of methods drawing from many disciplines (robust evidence, high agreement). This chapter introduces new material from disciplines including behavioral science, ethics, and cultural and organizational theory, thus providing a...

Working Paper

This report, jointly prepared by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan, and the Energy Research Institute (ERI), China, aims to identify concrete ways the latest research on national and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emission pathways could contribute to raising the ambition levels of INDCs toward the global 2°C target. The...

Working Paper
IGES Working Paper

Water and sanitation play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and for the health of the natural ecosystems. For the past several decades, water and sanitation, especially water sector, have been subjected to two kinds of pressures i.e. developmental pressure and climate change related...

Working Paper
Author:
明日香 壽川
Hanna
FEKETE
Niklas
HÖHNE

 本研究は、産業革命前からの地球温暖化を一定のレベルに抑制するための累積温室効果ガス(GHG)排出許容量である世界全体のカーボン・バジェットと、GHG排出削減努力の各国分担において広く参照される公平性基準に基づいた努力分担方法を用いて、日本に「公平」に割り当てられるカーボン・バジェットを算出した。同時に、日本について算出されたカーボン・バジェット内に排出量を抑えるための2100年までの例示的なGHG排出経路も明らかにし、本研究でのレファレンス・シナリオである日本の現行の中長期温暖化対策数値目標の下での累積GHG排出量およびGHG排出経路(Nationally Committed Amount:NCA)と比較した。

 その結果、努力分担方法として、1)一人当たり排出量の収斂(CPE)、2...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Jusen
ASUKA
Hanna
FEKETE
Niklas
HÖHNE

This paper assessed Japan’s “fair” carbon budget consistent with the 2 °C target between 1990 and 2100 under three frequently referred effort-sharing approaches: Converging Per Capita Emissions (CPE); Common but Differentiated Convergence (CDC); and Greenhouse Development Rights (GDRs), as well as the consequent GHG emission pathways up to 2100 for...

Discussion Paper

The FVA needs to support for transparency of INDCs. Since INDCs cover Economy-wide emission reduction targets (GHG targets) as well as Non-GHG targets such as energy targets, policy and project implementation, the scope of the FVA includes accounting framework for not only international transactions but also mitigation targets or actions under...

Issue Brief

国家気候変動戦略によれば、ベトナムは低炭素社会とグリーン成長に向けて、現代的な工業国になるという目標達成のため、国際的な資金支援、技術移転を活用し気候変動問題に対し積極的に対応していくことを示している。日本との二国間クレジット制度(JCM)の開始や、将来的な炭素市場形成の検討など、京都議定書以外での新たな取り組みが始まっており、本稿ではベトナムの気候変動緩和策の実施、計画状況について整理し、今後の課題について検討する。