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Issue Brief
  • The economic disruptions from the Ukraine war have intensified short term concerns about energy and food security, as well as access to critical minerals. Climate security is also increasingly urgent. This paper urges governments to speed up, not slow down, transitions away from fossil fuels and toward more sustainable development patterns. The war...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Science of The Total Environment
Author:
Peiyi
Yin
Xuecao
Li
Jiafu
Mao
Bingyu
Wang
Jianxi
Huang

The response of land surface phenology (LSP) to the urban heat island effect (UHI) is a useful biological indicator for understanding how vegetated ecosystems will be affected by future climate warming. However, vegetation cover in rural areas is often dominated by cultivated land, whose phenological timing is considerably influenced by...

Policy Report

Open waste burning is a widespread practice that is provoked by a lack of systematic waste collection, the unavailability of other disposal options, and inadequate land for the final disposal of the collected waste, especially in low- and middle-income countries. From a global perspective, two billion people have no waste collection at all, and the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Nature-Based Solutions

More than 90 systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation (NBS-CCA). These prior reviews, however, are scattered across more than 45 different peer-reviewed journals and gray literature sources, making it difficult to follow all of the knowledge generated and remaining research gaps. In...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sensors
Author:
Kamran
Ali

Detailed Land-Use and Land-Cover (LULC) information is of pivotal importance in, e.g., urban/rural planning, disaster management, and climate change adaptation. Recently, Deep Learning (DL) has emerged as a paradigm shift for LULC classification. To date, little research has focused on using DL methods for LULC mapping in semi-arid regions, and...

Research Report

One emerging issue in Padang City, Indonesia is waste management. In addition to a rise in population, modern lifestyles and tourism development have resulted in burgeoning waste generation, as well as more littering and burning of waste. This problem has exceeded the waste management capacity of the city. Consequently, the Batang Arau river, one...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability

The global demand for plastic is expected to double in the next 20 years. The increasing demand for Single-Use Plastic Products (SUPPs) has become one of the main environmental problems in many developing countries, including Sri Lanka, through direct and indirect means, in the way of excessive consumption and the pollution of the environment...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Global Environmental Change
Author:
Fatema
Khatun
Md. Nasif
Ahsan
Sonia
Afrin
Jeroen
Warner
Reazul
Ahsan
Bishwajit
Mallick

Despite suffering significantly from the adverse impacts of climate change and human-induced hazards, many
people at risk deliberately choose not to migrate from hazard-prone areas in coastal Bangladesh. As many of
them encounter significant challenges in maintaining their livelihoods, ascertaining how and under what circumstances
voluntary non...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
Author:
Hiratsuka
Motoshi
Hozumi
Hashiguchi
Miki
Toda

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has been implemented over the past decade, and has led to a restructuring of forest governance systems in host countries. In the case of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, which is promoting REDD+, activities have been implemented at national, sub-national and project scales...

Keywords:
Peer-reviewed Article
In Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Author:
Lin
Gao
Roshanak
Darvishzadeh
Ben
Somers
Yu
Wang
Jochem
Verrelst
Xiaofei
Wang
Clement
Atzberger

Understanding how biophysical and biochemical variables contribute to the spectral characteristics of vegetation canopies is critical for their monitoring. Quantifying these contributions, however, remains difficult due to extraneous factors such as the spectral variability of canopy background materials, including soil/crop-residue moisture, soil...