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Working Paper

This report, jointly prepared by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Japan, and the Energy Research Institute (ERI), China, aims to identify concrete ways the latest research on national and global greenhouse gas (GHG) emission pathways could contribute to raising the ambition levels of INDCs toward the global 2°C target. The...

Working Paper
IGES Working Paper

Water and sanitation play an important role in the sustainable development and are central to all activities of human beings and for the health of the natural ecosystems. For the past several decades, water and sanitation, especially water sector, have been subjected to two kinds of pressures i.e. developmental pressure and climate change related...

Working Paper
Author:
明日香 壽川
Hanna
FEKETE
Niklas
HÖHNE

 本研究は、産業革命前からの地球温暖化を一定のレベルに抑制するための累積温室効果ガス(GHG)排出許容量である世界全体のカーボン・バジェットと、GHG排出削減努力の各国分担において広く参照される公平性基準に基づいた努力分担方法を用いて、日本に「公平」に割り当てられるカーボン・バジェットを算出した。同時に、日本について算出されたカーボン・バジェット内に排出量を抑えるための2100年までの例示的なGHG排出経路も明らかにし、本研究でのレファレンス・シナリオである日本の現行の中長期温暖化対策数値目標の下での累積GHG排出量およびGHG排出経路(Nationally Committed Amount:NCA)と比較した。

 その結果、努力分担方法として、1)一人当たり排出量の収斂(CPE)、2...

Working Paper
IGES Working Paper

Climate change will have significant impact on rural livelihoods and poverty undermining the developmental gains made by countries in Asia, as is evident from the literature reviewed. The review suggests that these impacts will vary widely from region to region and communities within a region and country depending on the existing vulnerability and...