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Research Report

This report presents findings from a project jointly implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES). The project reviewed 50 Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from 36 Asia and the Pacific countries from 2016 to 2021. In this...

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Peer-reviewed Article
In Nature-Based Solutions

More than 90 systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation (NBS-CCA). These prior reviews, however, are scattered across more than 45 different peer-reviewed journals and gray literature sources, making it difficult to follow all of the knowledge generated and remaining research gaps. In...

Discussion Paper
Author:
Madhubashini
MAKEHELWALA
Sujithra Kaushalya
WERAGODA
Lakmal
JAYARATHNE
Mallika
PINNAWALA
Avanthi Deshani
IGALAVITHANA
Chamil
PERERA

The report assesses the level of public awareness of microplastic pollution and related hazards as well as the current status of microplastic monitoring facilities available in Sri Lanka’s state and private sector institutes, with an emphasis on the public water supply chain and identifying microplastic point sources upstream to ensure safe...

Keywords:
Discussion Paper
Author:
Thuy Chung
KIEU-LE
Van-Hieu
PHAM
Tran Nguyen Sang
TRUONG
Emilie
STRADY
Phuoc-Dan
NGUYEN

The report assesses the current status of microplastic monitoring facilities available in Vietnam. Concern over microplastic pollution in the environment is growing worldwide. The body of related global research continues to rise, along with the diversity in methodologies, results and equipment. Building a picture of the state of facilities and...

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Peer-reviewed Article
In Science Advances
Author:
Pedro
Jaureguiberry
Nicolas
Titeux
Martin
Wiemers
Diana
Bowler
Luca
Coscieme
Abigail
Golden
Carlos
Guerra
Ute
Jacob
Josef
Settele
Sandra
Diaz
Zsolt
Molnar
Andy
Purvis

Effective policies to halt biodiversity loss require knowing which anthropogenic drivers are the most important direct causes. Whereas previous knowledge has been limited in scope and rigor, here we statistically synthesize empirical comparisons of recent driver impacts found through a wide-ranging review. We show that land/sea use change has been...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
Author:
Hiratsuka
Motoshi
Hozumi
Hashiguchi
Miki
Toda

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has been implemented over the past decade, and has led to a restructuring of forest governance systems in host countries. In the case of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, which is promoting REDD+, activities have been implemented at national, sub-national and project scales...

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Peer-reviewed Article
In Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Author:
Lin
Gao
Roshanak
Darvishzadeh
Ben
Somers
Yu
Wang
Jochem
Verrelst
Xiaofei
Wang
Clement
Atzberger

Understanding how biophysical and biochemical variables contribute to the spectral characteristics of vegetation canopies is critical for their monitoring. Quantifying these contributions, however, remains difficult due to extraneous factors such as the spectral variability of canopy background materials, including soil/crop-residue moisture, soil...

Book Chapter
In Assessing, Mapping and Modelling of Mangrove Ecosystem Services in the Asia-Pacific Region
Author:
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Huang
Wanhui

This chapter contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the island socio-ecological system by a synthesis of the state and trend of, and the drivers of changes in ecosystems and their services, focusing on mangroves in Ishigaki Island. The current extent of mangroves on the Island is limited to small patches along a few river estuaries, which...

Peer-reviewed Article
In BioScience
Author:
Neil
Waters
Michelle
Marvier
Noémie
Monnin
Daniel
Salkeld

A hallmark of the media publicity surrounding COVID-19 has been the message that land change causes zoonotic diseases to spill over from wild animals to humans. The secondary peer-reviewed literature sends a similar message. However, as indicated in the primary peer-reviewed literature, the complexity of interacting variables involved in zoonotic...