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Issue Brief
地球規模で進む気候変動は、気象の激甚化、そして洪水や干ばつなどの自然災害を世界各地で引き起こし、新たな人道危機を生み出している。すでに社会基盤が脆弱化している紛争下の人々にとって、気候変動はリスクを増幅させる要因にもなっている。気候変動の負の影響が人類の発展や国際政治・経済の安定を阻むこの気候危機とも呼ばれる状況は、「気候安全保障」という視点から捉えることができる。人間の安全保障を掲げて開発援助に注力する日本にとって、気候危機下の人道支援の現状を分析・評価することは、今後の外交政策を展望する上で必須の課題だと言えるだろう。 気候安全保障は「日本国内に直接生じる安全保障リスク」と「日本国外で生じる安全保障リスクから波及して生じる日本の安全保障リスク」の2つに分類できる。本稿では...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Jitendra
Dixit
Ashok Kumar
Bhardwaj
Saurabh Kumar
Gupta
Suraj Kumar
Singh
Gowhar
Meraj
Shruti
Kanga
Saurabh
Singh
Bhartendu
Sajan
Forests play a vital role in maintaining ecological balance and provide numerous benefits. The monitoring and managing of large-scale forest plantations can be challenging and expensive. In recent years, advancements in remote sensing technologies, such as lightweight drones and object-oriented image analysis, have opened up new possibilities for...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Journal of Coastal Conservation
Author:
Thang Trung Nguyen
Anh Ngoc Thi Nguyen
Globally, mangroves have been promoted to protect the coastal ecosystems and human settlements against weather vagaries including climate change impacts. However, climate change can also affect the mangrove ecosystems, affecting their ability to mitigate losses and damages caused by climate change. Recognizing the need to understand the impact of...
Discussion Paper
Author:
India’s national government has offered strong support for the development of green hydrogen as part of the clean energy transition. However, much of the actual progress in this transition will depend on subnational governments. This paper argues India’s subnational governments have significant potential to capitalise on diverse natural resource...
Book Chapter
In Disaster Risk and Management under Climate Change
Equity and fairness have a high significance in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation as it is evident that disasters affect communities differently depending on their developmental levels, and social status. Any public policy or intervention on disaster risk reduction deals with communities that are at different ‘starting lines’ in...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Sustainability Science
Author:
Augustin
Vaillant
Naoya
Abe
Different baseline endowments and circumstances among countries, including local events, have resulted in disparities in energy policy and status. Differences in energy status have caused countries to make various decisions, but with the implementation of grid interconnections, some countries elected to plan the development of their energy sector...
Policy Report
Author:
Bert
Fabian
Kaye
Patdu
Mohammad
Arif
Didin
Agustian Permadi
Muhayatun
Santoso
Mila
Dirgawati
Rifa
Wadood
Thiris
Inoka
Sumal
Nandasena
Though the worst of COVID-19 appears to be over, it also raises important questions about COVID-19's immediate and then longer-term impacts on urban air quality. To understand both sets of impacts, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Asia Pacific Office, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), the Ministry of...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Biological Invasions
Author:
E.
Schwindt
T. A.
August
S.
Vanderhoeven
M. A.
McGeoch
S.
Bacher
B. S.
Galil
P.
Genovesi
P. E.
Hulme
T.
Ikeda
B.
Lezner
M. A.
Nuñez
A.
Ordonez
A.
Pauchard
S. J.
Rahlao
H. E.
Roy
K. V.
Sankaran
H.
Seebens
A. W.
Sheppard
P.
Stoett
V.
Vandvik
J. R. U.
Wilson
L. A.
Meyerson
On 4 September 2023, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) released the most comprehensive global synthesis of the current knowledge on the biological invasion process and the impacts of invasive alien species, i.e., the Thematic Assessment Report on Invasive Alien Species and their Control...
Technical Report
本レポートは、世界平均気温の上昇を産業革命前と比べて1.5℃以内に抑えるという目標の達成に向けて、2050年までにカーボンニュートラルを実現するだけではなく、累積排出量をできる限り小さくする観点から、日本国内で早期に大幅な温室効果ガス(GHG)排出量削減を果たす可能性を検討し、その実現のためのアクションプランをまとめたものである。 2024年4月2日更新 謝辞の追記、出典の追記、誤記の修正を行いました。 企業の方向けに使いやすく再構成した「 1.5℃ロードマップ - 脱炭素でチャンスをつかむ。未来をつくる。 」もご活用ください。
Technical Report
This report examines the feasibility of Japan not only achieving carbon neutrality by 2050, but also making significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, so as to make its cumulative emissions as small as possible, thereby contributing to the global goal of limiting the average temperature increase to below 1.5°C compared to the pre...