Results 1 - 10 of 34 (Sorted by date)
Book Chapter
In Plastic Waste and Recycling Environmental Impact, Societal Issues, Prevention, and Solutions
Eight of the world's top 20 countries as sources of marine debris are from Asia—China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, and India (Jambeck et al., 2015). In other words, the Asia-Pacific region is now recognized as a hotspot of plastic pollution of the oceans. These countries are facing typical challenges...
Presentation
日本LCA学会テレカンファレンス企画セッション「持続可能な消費と生産パターン転換のための政策デザインとLCA」
Author:
近年,パリ協定の実施,ネット・ゼロを宣言する自治体の増加,SDGsをはじめ,環境資源制約を踏まえた目標ベースの取り組みが主流化している。環境負荷の低減と生活の質の両立を目指す概念である持続可能なライフスタイルへの転換に関し,近年は消費者行動に関する多様なデータが入手可能となってきており,これらと組み合わせたライフサイクル環境負荷や上流側の資源利用量を明らかにすることができるLCA研究(ここでは広く産業連関分析,マテリアルフロー分析等も含む広義の手法群)の重要性が増している。プラネタリ―バウンダリーや脱炭素といった目標に至るには,個別製品の改善に依存した対策には限界があり,リバウンド効果等も踏まえた生産消費システムの転換が必要とされる。一方,既存研究は...
Peer-reviewed Article
In 環境経済・政策研究
近年,環境負荷の低減と生活の質を両立する持続可能なライフスタイルに対する注目が集まっている. 2018 年 4 月に閣議決定された第五次環境 基本計画では,消費の転換,食品ロスの削減,住まい,移動手段,働き方改革等を通した「環境に やさしく健康で質の高い生活への転換」が掲げられた. 2019年6月に閣議決定されたパリ協定に基づく成長戦略として の長期戦略においても,技術や社会システムと並び「ライフスタイルのイノベーション」が位置付 けられた. GHG 排出量 のネット・ゼロ目標等の長期目標へ向け,個別の行動変容や製品選択による改善に留まらず,社会技術システムとライフスタイルとを一体的に転換 していくことが求められる. そのためには...
Policy Report
Accumulation of plastic wastes in the marine eco-system is growing rapidly with the increase of plastic production and consumption patterns, particularly single-use plastics as well as unsustainable plastic waste management practices. Land-based sources are recognised as the main cause (up to 80% of total marine debris) of marine plastic pollution...
Submission to Policy Process
Author:
Hla Maung Thien
Min Maw,
Ni Ni Thin
Hein Latt
Ohnmar May Tin Hlaing
Myanmar has had to face tremendous challenges in waste management in the recent past, due to a number of factors – its growing population and economy, increasing complexity of waste streams, and lack of effective waste management systems, proper infrastructure, capital investment, financial and human resources, as well as effective policy and...
Peer-reviewed Article
In sustainability
Author:
Andante
Hadi Pandyaswargo
Michael
Knaus
Hiroshi
Onoda
Faezeh
Mahichi
Yanghui
Guo
Due to its ability to recover both material and energy from organic waste, biogas technology is considered one of the best technology for treating organic waste. While in many emerging Asian countries more than 50% of municipal waste is organic waste, the amount of organic waste treated with biogas technology remains very limited. This study...
Book Chapter
In Sustainable Waste Management Challenges in Developing Countries
Author:
Myanmar, the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia, has been facing considerable challenges with the management of solid waste in the recent past because of increasing income and consumption patterns, urban growth, and lack of effective waste management policies, treatment, and disposal methods. Waste management is also a crosscutting issue...
Policy Report
Author:
Magnus
Bengtsson
Plastic pollution is one of the biggest global threats. Plastics use and waste have been rapidly growing, in particularly emerging Asia. Southeast Asia, with its high population density, strong economic dynamism, and generally inadequate waste management systems, is a hotspot for the challenges. With this as a background, ASEAN and the EU have...
Discussion Paper
This report provides diverse possibilities of the future in 2050 as the basis for discussions on future lifestyles by different stakeholders and citizens in a more participatory foresight process. Based on the outcome of a survey of future-oriented experts, this report gathers insights from experts in diverse fields on a global scale, with both...
Policy Brief
T20 Japan Task Force 3: Climate Change and Environment
This policy brief suggests six priorities for developed and emerging economies represented by G20 countries to mainstream circular economy and society globally, as follows: 1) need to capture the momentum raised by public attention on marine plastic pollution; 2) raise the level of ambition of Extended Producer Responsibility; 3) provide policy...