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Peer-reviewed Article

Monitoring Effect of Spatial Growth on Land Surface Temperature in Dhaka

In Remote Sensing
Author:
Md. Mustafizur
Rahman
Ram
Avtar
Ali P.
Yunus
Jie
Dou
Prakhar
Misra
Wataru
Takeuchi
Netrananda
Sahu
Ali
Kharrazi
Shamik
Chakraborty
Tonni Agustiono
Kurniawan
Spatial urban growth and its impact on land surface temperature (LST) is a high priority environmental issue for urban policy. Although the impact of horizontal spatial growth of cities on LST is well studied, the impact of the vertical spatial distribution of buildings on LST is under-investigated. This is particularly true for cities in sub...
Commissioned Report
平成30年12月に施行された「気候変動適応法」において、国際協力を推進する旨が定められている。また、平成27年12月に国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)の下で合意されたパリ協定においても、気候変動への適応分野において国際協力の重要性が掲げられている。我が国は科学的知見に基づいた適応計画の策定支援を「アジア太平洋地域における気候変動適応分野の研究、人材育成支援業務」として、平成27年度から平成29年度まで継続して実施(以下「適応支援第1フェーズ」という。)しており、途上国政府及び研究機関等との協働が可能となるよう、アジア太平洋地域の適応に関する能力向上のための人材育成、知見共有等を図ってきた。 平成31年度の事業においては、適応支援第1フェーズ及び「平成30...
Keywords:
Book Chapter
In Resilient Policies in Asian Cities: Adaptation to Climate Change and Natural Disasters
Enhancing capacity for building resilient cities is a growing concern among policy makers and international communities to minimize the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. The UN Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015–2030) called for urgent need in building resilient...
Peer-reviewed Article
In ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Author:
Lin
Gao
Xiaofei
Wang
Qingiu
Tian
Yu
Wang
Jochem
Verrelst
Xihan
Mu
Xingfa
Gu
Green fractional vegetation cover (fc) is an important phenotypic factor in the fields of agriculture, forestry, and ecology. Spatially explicit monitoring of fc via relative vegetation abundance (RA) algorithms, especially those based on scaled maximum/minimum vegetation index (VI) values, has been widely investigated in remote sensing research...
Peer-reviewed Article
In Remote Sensing
Author:
Shahab
Jozdani
Local climate zone (LCZ) maps are increasingly being used to help understand and model the urban microclimate, but traditional land use/land cover map (LULC) accuracy assessment approaches do not convey the accuracy at which LCZ maps depict the local thermal environment. 17 types of LCZs exist, each having unique physical characteristics that...
Submission to Policy Process
Contributing Papers for the 2019 Global Assessment Report
Author:
Karen G.
Villholth
Paul
Pavelic
Andrew
Ross
Groundwater is a de-facto source of water during drought and emergencies. In a broader perspective, the traditional short-term strategy of using groundwater to combat water deficits during drought needs revisiting. The objective of this paper is to examine the relevance and options for developing and adopting such groundwater-based natural...
Peer-reviewed Article
In 環境科学会誌
Author:
Minami
Sakamoto
Akio
Onishi
Although greenery in urban areas has many functions, such as mitigation of the urban heat island effect, and reduction of rainfall-induced surface runoff, it is difficult to secure the space required to plant trees in cities, which are crowded with buildings. Therefore, rooftop greening has attracted attention and many cities are adopting and...
Book Chapter
In Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainable Cities and Communities
Urbanization plays a significant role in how the sustainable development goals (SDGs) can be achieved by countries and regions since they can deliver the benefits of SDGs to a relatively large number of people in a short period of time by concentrating efforts in relatively focused areas than the widely dispersed rural areas. With 55% of people...
Peer-reviewed Article
In International Journal of Remote Sensing
Author:
Shahab E.
Jozdani
Mehdi
Momeni
Mehran
Sattari
Multiresolution segmentation (MRS) is one of the most commonly used image segmentation algorithms in the remote-sensing community. This algorithm has three user-defined parameters: scale, shape, and compactness. The scale parameter (SP) is the most crucial one in determining the average size of the image segments generated. Since setting this...
Commissioned Report
平成27 年11 月、日本では「気候変動の影響への適応計画」が閣議決定された。開発途上国の適応計画を支援することは日本の適応計画の戦略の一つとして盛り込まれており、科学的知見に基づいた有効な計画策定の支援を行うこととしている。本業務では、「平成27 年度適応イニシアティブ推進のための地域横断的人材育成等に向けた調査・検討業務」および「平成28 年度アジア太平洋地域における気候変動適応分野の知見共有、人材育成支援業務」を受けて、途上国側政府及び研究機関等との協働が可能となるよう、またアジア太平洋地域の適応に関する能力向上のための人材育成、知見共有等を行うことを目的とし、(1)特定地区における緩和と適応の双方を取り扱うパイロットプログラムに関する業務、(2)適応計画...