This chapter introduces Part B of GEO-6: Policies, Goals, Objectives and Environmental Governance: An Assessment of Their Effectiveness.
The importance of good policy design cannot be overstressed.
Some common elements are:
i. setting a long-term vision and avoiding crisis-mode
policy decisions, through inclusive, participatory design
ii. establishing a baseline, quantified targets and milestones;
iii. conducting ex ante and ex post cost–benefit or costeffectiveness
The composition of Earth’s atmosphere is one of the major
determinants of a healthy planet, influencing the climate,
ecosystems and human health. This is highlighted by the
existence of a direct or indirect link between the challenges of
air pollution, climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion,
persistent bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT)...
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the current
Land and Soil policy framework and the related shortcomings,
especially in terms of policy cohesion and implementation, as
well as overall effectiveness. The subsequent sections present
case studies of different sets of legal and policy instruments,
economic tools and incentives, as well...
This chapter evaluates the capacity of environmental
policies to achieve transformational change in addressing
cross-cutting global sustainable development challenges.
To this end, the chapter addresses the major challenges
of adapting socioeconomic systems to climate change,
creating a sustainable agricultural and food production
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, together
with a range of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
(MEAs), set an ambitious long-term vision for the universal
pursuit of sustainable development through economic, social,
environmental and institutional transformation (Chapter
20). Although progress has been made in managing some