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Discussion Paper

温暖化に伴う水害の激甚化を受けて、地方自治体において防災・減災対策と適応策を統合し、適応能力と感受性により構成される脆弱性を低減させることが急務である。しかし、適応能力は多様な社会経済的な要素を含むため、政策上どの構成要素が重要であるかに関する包括的な検討は限定的である。そこで、本稿は、アンケート調査を実施し、地方自治体の現在の防災対策実施状況(ハード・ソフト・転換策の合計44対策)と各対策に関する将来の適応策の必要性認識に基づいて適応能力と感受性の構成要素の重要度を評価した。結果として、重要度が高く評価された適応能力要素は、地域コミュニティの「インフラ」(防災用)、「教育」(自主避難判断力、危険認知度)、「情報」(監視警戒力、情報伝達力)、「コミュニティガバナンス」(避難誘導力)、並びに...

Book
Editor:
Hooman
Farzaneh
Yeora
Chae

This book provides policymakers, researchers, and other interested audiences with knowledge on how to quantify and integrate and advance co-benefits in their decisions. It begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the concept of co-benefits. This followed by a section that details quantitative approaches to estimate co...

Peer-reviewed Article

The United States began liberalizing its wholesale and retail electricity market to lower costs, increase efficiency, and curb oil imports in the 1990s. Reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) were a possible desirable side effect of these reforms. In recent years, concerns over climate change have prompted state governments in the United States to...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Climate
Author:

Cities are increasingly adopting potentially sustainable climate plans. Integrating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into these plans could help stabilize the climate while generating jobs, narrowing equity gaps, fostering innovation, and delivering other sustainability benefits. Yet, how much cities are integrating the SDGs into climate...

Discussion Paper

Japanese companies have pioneered the development of a large number of low-carbon technologies (LCTs). As a rapidly expanding economy with burgeoning energy requirements, India offers a significant potential market for Japanese LCTs. The industry sector in India accounts for a significant share of commercial energy use and hence carbon dioxide (CO2...

Peer-reviewed Article
In Environmental Management
Author:
Shalini
Dhyani
MRITTIKA
BASU
Rakesh
Kadaverugu
Shizuka
Hashimoto
Ram
Avtar
Priyanka
Mitra

Globally, shifting cultivation is known to be an important driver of tropical deforestation. However, we argue that it can be sustainably managed if the environmental boundary conditions, laid by the traditional customs and practices, are fully respected. We narrate an empirical study from the Zunheboto district of Nagaland, India, where we...

Book Chapter
In Aligning Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies in Asia

The widespread adoption of low emissions technologies in rapidly developing countries is critical to resolving the climate emergency.1 However, many fast growing economies lack the energy efficient, renewable, and other advanced technologies needed to mitigate climate change. Technology transfer could help address these countries need. Yet the...

Policy Report
Author:

The Global Compact Network Japan (GCNJ) and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) launched a report "SDGs and Business to Overcome the COVID-19 Pandemic: Actions by Companies and Organisations in Japan", showing the latest survey results on the actual status of Japanese companies' efforts regarding the SDGs.

This report, now...

Working Paper

本研究では、日本国内の中でも陸上・洋上風力のポテンシャルが多く存在するとともに、東京を中心とした電力大需要地がある、東日本全域(北海道地域、東北地域、関東地域から構成される)を対象とし、既存の送電設備のままで効率的な送電線混雑管理に資する実潮流に基づく送電系統運用を行った場合の電力需給シミュレーションを行った。分析する際には、発電側の設定変化に対する結果の差異を検証するために、Base、RE及びRE+Nucの3つのシナリオを想定した。

3つのシナリオ分析の結果から、本分析で置いた前提の範囲内では、1)実潮流に基づく送電系統運用の導入、2) 火力発電の調整力の活用、3)揚水式、非揚水式のうち調整池式及び貯水池式の水力発電の調整力の活用を行うことで、陸上風力を12GW(2018年度の6倍...

Book Chapter
In Scenarios of Environmental Resilience and Transformation in Times of Climate Change: Effects and Lessons from the COVID-19

Five years after the SDGs were adopted and just when the United Nations called for realising the Decade of Action, the COVID-19 pandemic halted the progress of the SDGs and even reversed some of the achievements that the world made over years. With most countries struggling to overcome the pandemic and revive the economy, losing the focus on the...