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Data or Tool

The IGES NDC Database compiles the main features of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which were communicated by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in order to present the targets and measures that will be taken in order to implement the Paris Agreement, according to countries’ national...

Translation of non-IGES Material
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat

本版は国連気候変動枠組条約(UNFCCC)事務局が2021年2月26日に発表した「Nationally determined contributions under the Paris Agreement Synthesis report(パリ協定における自国の決定に関する統合報告書)」の公益財団法人地球環境戦略研究機関(IGES)による暫定非公式訳である。本報告書は、2020年12月31日時点までに提出された75の締約国を代表する48のNDCから得られた情報を統合したものである。本報告書のために検討されたNDCは、パリ協定締約国の約40%、2017年の世界の温室効果ガス排出量の約30%を占めている。

Commentary (Op. Ed)




Commissioned Report

The increasing frequency of heavy rainfalls and severe typhoons is said to be caused by the adverse effects of climate change. Among various climate change risks, physical damages by natural disasters in Japan are increasingly being acknowledged by the public and have been investigated in many studies. However, studies from overseas have pointed...

Working Paper

While the initial pieces of evidence indicate that COVID-19 induced economic slowdown and lockdown present short-term benefits to air quality and the environment, these also pose a double-edged challenge in the long-term. On one side, the slowing down of the economy can have an adverse impact on countries’ ongoing efforts towards climate mitigation...

Data or Tool





Research Report
Ishiwatari, Mikio; Djalante, Riyanti; Mavrodieva, Aleksandrina; Gomez, Oscar; Wataya, Eiko; Shaw, Rajib

Climate change impacts on natural and human systems are increasing. Often affecting fragile economic, social and political systems, climate change is considered to be a serious ‘threat multiplier’. In this document, the risks on these existing systems are understood as climate fragility risks (CFRs). Considering CFRs in the development sector is...

Stakeholder consultation on Maximizing the Climate Security in Asia through a Coordinated Emergency Assistance Framework

Japan is one of the prominent contributors towards overseas development assistance (ODA) and emergency relief assistance (external emergency assistance, EEA) in the aftermath of major natural disasters. These assistances have costs and benefits to both the recipients and to the donor countries. In order to improve the efficacy of various forms of...

Briefing Note

This Briefing Note explores the implications for climate change, green finance, and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the G20 Summit which was held in Hamburg, Germany, on 7-8 July 2017. On climate, the final encouraging result was a consensus among all countries except for the US to maintain strong support for implementation of the Paris...