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Technical Report
本報告書は、ライフスタイル・カーボンフットプリント(※)を軸に私たちの日常生活での消費や行動が気候変動に与える影響を推定し、パリ協定の目標達成と豊かな暮らしの両立を探るものです。 ※家計が消費する製品やサービスのライフサイクル(資源の採取、素材の加工、製品の製造、流通、使用から廃棄)において生じるGHGの排出量 IGESは、2019年2月にフィンランド・アールト大学およびD-matと共同で『1.5-Degree Lifestyles – Targets and Options for Reducing Lifestyle Carbon Footprints』を発刊し、日本、フィンランド、中国、ブラジル、インドの平均的な暮らしでの温室効果ガス(GHG)排出量や特徴...
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Industry, in the context of this chapter, is mostly confined to the strict definition of the word: -“economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories”. Industry has a major impact on nature and its biodi- versity in Asia and the Pacific, as it does elsewhere in the world. Industry impacts...
Technical Report
The International Partnership for the Satoyama Initiative (IPSI) is a global network to promote collective efforts for sustainability in socio-ecological production landscapes and seascapes (SEPLS), and thereby to contribute to the realisation of “living in harmony with nature”. The Satoyama Development Mechanism (SDM) is a seed funding programme...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Christian
Loewe
Providing a decent life and well-being for nearly 10 billion1 people by 2050, without further compromising the ecological limits of our planet and its benefits, is one of the most serious challenges and responsibilities humanity has ever faced. People worldwide rely on the smooth functioning of Earth’s natural life-support systems, in different...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Paul
Lucas
Detlef
van Vuuren
Fintan
Hurley
An analysis of pathways towards sustainable development needs a long-term vision. Ideally, such a vision is summarized in a quantitative set of globally agreed key objectives or targets. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in September 2015, conceptualizes sustainable development through 17 SDGs and is further operationalized...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Klaus
Jacob
Pedro
Feldman
Leandra Regina
Gonçalves
James
Hollway
Sebastian
Sewerin
He
Chenmin
The importance of good policy design cannot be overstressed. Some common elements are: i. setting a long-term vision and avoiding crisis-mode policy decisions, through inclusive, participatory design processes; ii. establishing a baseline, quantified targets and milestones; iii. conducting ex ante and ex post cost–benefit or costeffectiveness...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Frederick Ato
Armah
Phillip
Dickerson
Christina
Guerreiro
Terry
Keating
Oswaldo
dos Santos Lucon
Asami
Miyazaki
Amit
Patel
Stefan
Reis
Kari
DePryck
The composition of Earth’s atmosphere is one of the major determinants of a healthy planet, influencing the climate, ecosystems and human health. This is highlighted by the existence of a direct or indirect link between the challenges of air pollution, climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, persistent bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT)...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Klaus
Jacob
Diana
Mangalagiu
Pandi
Zdruli
Katharina
Helming
Andrew
Onwuemele
Leila
Zamani
Darshini
Ravindranath
Hung
Vo
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the current Land and Soil policy framework and the related shortcomings, especially in terms of policy cohesion and implementation, as well as overall effectiveness. The subsequent sections present case studies of different sets of legal and policy instruments, economic tools and incentives, as well...
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In Global Environment Outlook - GEO-6: Healthy Planet, Healthy People
Author:
Erica
Gaddis
James
Grellier
Anna Maria
Grobicki
Rowena
Hay
Naho
Mirumachi
Gavin
Mudd
Farhad
Mukhtarov
Walter
Rast
Beatriz
Rodríguez-Labajos
Jaee Sanjay
Nikam
Patricia Nayna
Schwerdtle
Various policy approaches show that water quantity and quality have serious implications for human and ecosystem health, and that these interactions are driven by changes in multiple sectors. Governance is increasingly opened up to non-State actors, such as the private sector and civil society. Decision-making thus needs to consider the full range...