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Peer-reviewed Article

This winter edition of IRES 2002 focuses on the sustainable management of freshwater resources in Asia. Interestingly-even synergistically-the Third World Water Forum (WWF3) will be held in Japan in the cities of Kyoto, Shiga, and Osaka (16 to 23 March 2003) and attended by a wide range of stakeholders, including policymakers, researchers...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Wouter Lincklaen Arriens

This paper presents the issues and concerns of the water sector in Asia and the Pacific, as well as the actions of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), to address existing problems and ensure the sustainability of water resources in the region. These water issues may be classified into institutional, resources management, and service delivery issues...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Shigetaka Taniyama

The farmers of the Asian monsoon region have traditionally practiced forms of rice cultivation uniquely adapted to the climate of the region, which is characterized by annual precipitation far in excess of the global average of 800 mm and clearly delineated wet and dry seasons. In this region, water is used dynamically as part of a larger cycle...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Hidetoshi Kitawaki

In developing countries, the major meaning of "sanitation" is the management of human excreta. In developing countries with poor water supply and sanitation systems, life expectancy is far lower than in industrialized countries. The causes of deaths are also quite different; infectious diseases account for more than 40 percent of deaths in...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Mikiyasu Nakayama

Basin countries of the lower Mekong River established the Mekong River Commission in 1995, replacing the former Mekong Committee created in 1957. At a glance, the role of the former resembles the latter, while the political and societal situation nowadays has provided quite a different set of mandates. In this paper, the changes observed and the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Changming Liu
Hongxing Zheng

The Yellow River basin in China is harshly confronted by frequent water shortages and serious water pollution, along with the associated problems of intensifying floods and the deterioration of the ecology and environment. Water-related problems have become significant obstacles to sustainable development in the region, which points to the...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Pavel Kabat
R.E. Schulze
M.E. Hellmuth
J.A. Veraart
Roberto Lenton

Natural climate variability has a direct and fundamental bearing on water resources and their management, which are also likely to be strongly impacted by long-term climate change. This paper provides an overview of the relationship between climate variability and change and the management of freshwater resources, including the impacts of climate...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Bashiru M. Koroma

Cambodia's forests and fisheries provide an important source of domestic earnings, essential to meeting the needs of rural people in Cambodia. In recent years, however, unregulated logging, slash-and-burn farming, and the demands of a growing population are posing serious threats to those resources. Community forest and fisheries resource...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)

Since the prosperity and dynamism of Asia heavily depend on an open and liberal trade regime, trade liberalization and its impacts on poverty and environment are very important issues for the region. While poverty has decreased in newly industrialized countries (NIEs), in Southeast Asian countries and China, which have experienced export-led...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume3 Number2 (Winter 2002)
Author:
Nachin Dashnyam

Mongolia has been paying attention to renewable sources of energy in order to put them to practical use, especially in the pastoral livestock sector. In this paper it is shown that renewable sources of energy, especially photovoltaics (PV), may play a key role in the sustainable development of Mongolia, simultaneously solving such problems as...