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Peer-reviewed Article

Nation-states founded in Europe during the eighteenth century formed their own economies, political institutions, and societies. Although the interdependence between states deepened through trade, in the twentieth century these states still basically functioned as distinct economic, political, and social units. In the latter half of twentieth...

Peer-reviewed Article

Pleasant weather and beautiful scenery refresh us, polluted air and water cause us concern about ecosystems and human health, and global environmental disasters threaten us on a larger scale. Yet it seems difficult for people in industrialized countries to realize how much they owe to the environment, while people in developing countries are often...

Peer-reviewed Article

This, the second Issue of IRES, offers papers from a diverse group of authors who contributed their insights on a broad range of topics. The issue begins with an essay by Dean James Gustave Speth, Dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, on the role of the United States in an increasingly globalized world. Prof. Dr. Peter...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)
Author:
Alexandra Blanke

This paper examines the political feasibility of an ecological tax reform (ETR). To this end, a positive taxation approach is developed from which the politico-economic determinants of a successfully implemented, ecologically-oriented tax policy may be derived. Public acceptance of the ETR introduced in Germany is then evaluated on the basis of...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)
Author:
Md. Salequzzaman
Peter Newman

The coastal areas of Bangladesh are vulnerable to natural disasters, especially from cyclones and tidal surges. Since 1958 most of the coast has been protected by the construction of embankments and sluice gates. No impact study was conducted before doing this construction. Today, however, ecological, social, economic, and cultural impacts can be...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)
Author:
Wang Shijie
Dianfa Zhang
Li Ruiling

The development of rocky desertification, the main form of land desertification in the karst mountain areas of southwest China, is accelerating and has become one of the most serious environmental, social, and economic problems facing the province of Guizhou, especially. The problem is mainly the result of interactions between human activities...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)
Author:
Yearn Hong Choi

The countries of Northeast Asia-China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Japan, Mongolia, the Republic of Korea (South Korea), and the Russian Federation-have complex histories, diverse cultures, and a wide range of political, demographic, and economic conditions. Today these countries are striving for greater dialogue and...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)

The primary purpose of this paper is to outline how the idea of environmental education has come into use, how it has developed over the last few decades, and what efforts are under way in the Asia-Pacific region in the educational field to reduce environmental deterioration and actually improve the condition of the environment. Internationally...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)

The United States' new Global Climate Change initiatives, proposed by the Bush Administration on 14 February 2002, reveal the attitude of the U.S. toward future efforts to address climate change. In this paper, the author clarifies this "attitude" by analyzing the content of these new initiatives, and discusses the inititiatives' theoretical...

Peer-reviewed Article
In International Review for Environmental Strategies (IRES) Volume 3 Number 1(Summer 2002)
Author:
Michinori Kabuto

Book Review "Global Environmental Risk" edited by Jeanne X. Kasperson, Research Associate Professor and Research Librarian, George Perkins Marsh Institute, Clark University, USA, and a Visiting Scholar, Stockholm Environment Institute; and Roger E. Kasperson, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute.
Publisher information: Tokyo: United...