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Policy Report
Author:
Hul
Seingheng
Chihiro
Yoshimura
Sovannara
Uk
Rajendra
Khanal
Sokly
Siev
Aiko
Yamashita
Hideto
Fujii
Tomohiro
Tanaka
Hidekazu
Yoshioka
Takashi
Nakamura
Yoichi
Fujihara
Keisuke
Hoshikawa
Sarann
Ly
Sambo
Lun
Sokchhay
Heng
Sok
Ty
Mong
Marith
Oeurng
Chantha
Song
Layheang
Fidero
Kuok
Boreborey
Ty
Chanvorleak
Phat
Eden G.
Mariquit
Winarto
Kurniawan
Hirofumi
Hinode
Porsry
Ung
Reasmey
Tan
Vannak
Ann
Chanthol
Peng
Manabu
Fujii
Kazuhiko
Miyanaga
Yasunori
Tanji
Tonle Sap Lake (TSL), the largest lake in South East Asia, is under increasing pressure from pollution, land-use change, climate change, and development activities in the lake, its basin and the Mekong Basin. Recent changes in the lake hydrological system and its floodplains are becoming a great concern for hundreds of communities relying on the...
Book Chapter
In Resilient Policies in Asian Cities: Adaptation to Climate Change and Natural Disasters
Enhancing capacity for building resilient cities is a growing concern among policy makers and international communities to minimize the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. The UN Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015–2030) called for urgent need in building resilient...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
Jason
Hon
Shozo
Shibata
The island of Borneo is regarded as one of the most biologically rich regions in the world, containing some of the oldest remaining tropical rainforests. However, it also suffers high levels of deforestation and degradation to meet the demands for timber extraction and agricultural activities. In Sarawak, areas designated as permanent forests...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
Yayoi
Takeuchi
Ryoji
Soda
Bibian
Diway
In the traditional agricultural land-use pattern of the indigenous peoples of inland Sarawak, there are small areas of primary forests, referred to as a pulau or communally reserved forests (CRFs), which are customarily reserved by local communities. Here, we investigate the current condition and geographic distribution of CRFs in the human...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests
Author:
Rapid development in Bintulu has resulted in large-scale changes in land use, especially the conversion of forests into oil palm plantations and industrial tree plantations. Using high-resolution satellite imagery, we analysed land-cover types in the Kemena–Tubau–Lower Jelalong region of Sebauh subdistrict and classified them into nine major land...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
Malcom
Demies
Miyako
Koizumi
Shogoro
Fujiki
With rapid deforestation and forest degradation ongoing in tropical regions, the maintenance of biodiversity and high biomass/carbon stocks can bring additional benefits to the sustainable management of natural forests along with sustainable timber production. However, the measures for improving the maintenance of biodiversity and high biomass are...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
While Borneo is a global biodiversity hotspot, its species-rich natural rainforests have been degraded and deforested in the past few decades by unsustainable shifting agriculture, commercial logging and the rapid development of industrial tree and oil palm plantations. Populations of some wildlife species have decreased drastically due to...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
Naoko
Tokuchi
Jason
Hon
Keitaro
Fukushima
The drastic transformation in land use from natural forest to acacia and oil palm plantations in tropical regions is an issue of some controversy. The influence of land-use change on nutrient cycling is not fully understood. In this case, stream water chemistry is one of the most useful indexes of the nutrient status of an ecosystem. We...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Author:
Keitaro
Fukushima
Naoko
Tokuchi
Jason
Hon
Yuichi
Kano
It is important to understand carbon (C) dynamics in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems in order to develop a strategy to control carbon dioxide effluxes. However, the factors determining concentrations of riverine carbon are still largely unknown, especially in Southeast Asia. We investigated the spatial distribution of dissolved and particulate...
Book Chapter
In Anthropogenic Tropical Forests: Human–Nature Interfaces on the Plantation Frontier
Southeast Asian countries have been important suppliers of tropical timber to Japan since the early twentieth century. This chapter begins with a comparative examination of the history of the timber trade in the Philippines, Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, for whom Japan has historically been the major market for round...