This chapter contributes to improve an understanding of the effectiveness of different biodiversity science-policy interfaces (SPIs), which play a vital role in navigating policies and actions with sound evidence base. The single comprehensive study that was found to exist, assessed SPIs in terms of their ‘features’—goals, structure, process...
Various policy approaches show that water quantity and quality
have serious implications for human and ecosystem health, and
that these interactions are driven by changes in multiple sectors.
Governance is increasingly opened up to non-State actors, such
as the private sector and civil society. Decision-making thus
needs to consider the full range...
This chapter introduces Part B of GEO-6: Policies, Goals, Objectives and Environmental Governance: An Assessment of Their Effectiveness.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, together
with a range of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
(MEAs), set an ambitious long-term vision for the universal
pursuit of sustainable development through economic, social,
environmental and institutional transformation (Chapter
20). Although progress has been made in managing some
This chapter evaluates the capacity of environmental
policies to achieve transformational change in addressing
cross-cutting global sustainable development challenges.
To this end, the chapter addresses the major challenges
of adapting socioeconomic systems to climate change,
creating a sustainable agricultural and food production
The importance of good policy design cannot be overstressed.
Some common elements are:
i. setting a long-term vision and avoiding crisis-mode
policy decisions, through inclusive, participatory design
ii. establishing a baseline, quantified targets and milestones;
iii. conducting ex ante and ex post cost–benefit or costeffectiveness
This chapter presents a set of conclusions for Part B of the
sixth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6), reached through the
findings of the previous chapters about policy effectiveness
(Chapters 10-17). It summarizes for policymakers what
is known to work best and why, including a synthesized
discussion of the limitations of the evidence available...
This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which provided a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market. Since then, EPR policies...
The Global Outlook on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Policies, developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with the financial support of the European Commission, provides a non-exhaustive review of policies and initiatives that are promoting the shift towards SCP patterns. This report identifies examples of effective...