Negotiation

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Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Yasuko Kameyama

The aim of this paper is to examine the repercussions in Japan wrought by the Kyoto Protocol, which it signed in 1997, and to point the way for the country’s response in the next and future rounds of protocol-related negotiations. This challenge is met by first reviewing Japan’s past negotiating positions at the international level and relevant...

Peer-reviewed Article
In IRES Vol.5 No.1
Author:
Theodora Petroula
Rob Swart
Bernd Gugele
Bernd Strobel
Peter Taylore

This paper describes the role of the European Community (EC) in negotiating the Kyoto Protocol and then focuses on the progress of the European Union (EU) towards meeting its Kyoto commitments. The EC ratified the Kyoto Protocol on May 31, 2002. It has pledged to meet the implied target of an 8 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions between...