International Workshop on Community-based Solid Waste Management and Supporting National Policies, Surabaya, Indonesia, 27-28 August 2008

Event: Kitakyushu Initiative Workshop
Date: August 2008
Conference Proceeding

In Surabaya City, Indonesia, household organic waste composting has been widely practiced in communities. The city government, through the support of several private companies and local NGOs, have adopted the Takakura method that utilises baskets for household composting. This methodology was developed by Pusdakota, a local NGO, in 2004, with technical assistance from Kitakyushu International Technocooperative Association (KITA) and JPec Co., Ltd., Japan. Since then, it has spread in many parts of the city through the active support and promotion of the Surabaya Women’s Welfare Organization (PKK) – another local NGO in the city. Around 20,000 units of baskets have been distributed by the City and through NGO networks and 12 composting centres have been setup which process organic waste from households and fresh produce markets. Waste reduction campaigns called “Green and Clean Award” and “Surabaya Merdeka dari Sampah (No waste independent Surabaya)” since 2005 funded and implemented by Uli Peduli, an NGO-wing of UNILEVER, together
with Java Post group, a national paper, have successfully encouraged communitybased solid waste management and competition among communities. As a result, daily amount of waste transported to Benowo Landfill, the only disposal site in Surabaya City, has reduced by more than 10% from around 1,500t/d in 2005 to 1,300t/d in 2007. Hygienic condition of streets and communities improved due to composting of putrefying waste at each household and income opportunities were generated for some at composting centres and household compost basket users by selling produced compost and plants grown by using the compost.

The main objective of this workshop is to identify and further disseminate policy mechanisms for replication of successful initiatives related to urban environmental management, in order to stimulate national level changes through local activities.
During the meeting, participants will share an understanding and information on the successful community-based management practices in the region and draw strategies to facilitate its replication. The specific objectives are:
To present the successful waste management practice of Surabaya City and discuss its achievements in socio-economic, environmental and political context;
To identify the strategies adopted for the transfer of practice and key features for successful implementation;
To derive information on similar successful environmental management practices in other cities in Asia Pacific region and analyze the approaches comparatively;
To discuss supporting national policies and mechanisms to promote replication of such good environmental practices;
To present effective corporate social responsibility (CSR) and private resource mobilisation cases for environmental management; and
To explore clean development mechanisms (CDM) applicability to solid waste
management practices.