Indicators based on Material Flow Analysis/Accounting (MFA) and Resource Productivity

Material Flow Analysis/Accounting (MFA) is one of the analytical tools that make it possible to monitor countries’ resource consumption trend and efficiency in resource use at the macro level. It uses already available production, consumption and trade data in combination with environmental statistics (OECD 2008). In principle, MFA can show not only types and amount of natural resources flowing into the economy, but also reveals what happens to materials as they move inside and out of the economy, and how they relates to resource productivity as well as environmental burden.

The factsheet is based on a research project of the Asia Resource Circulation Policy Research Group, coordinated by Institute for Global Environmental Strategies and funded by the FY 2013 Asia Resource Circulation Research Project commissioned by Ministry of the Environment of Japan (MOEJ).