Chapter 29. Participatory climate governance in Southeast Asia: Lessons learned from gender-responsive climate mitigation

In Routledge Handbook of Climate Justice
Book Chapter
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"This Handbook is a timely and significant contribution to the growing body of academic literature on climate justice. It comes at a critical turning point in UNFCCC climate negotiations with the imminent review of the Paris Agreement. It is an excellent knowledge resource bound to be of particular interest to academics, practitioners and students engaged in the field of climate change and climate justice." -- Mary Robinson, President, Mary Robinson Foundation–Climate Justice

Ch. 29 Abstract: The adverse effects of climate change fall more heavily on women in the developing nations due to long-running inequalities and dependencies on natural resources. As a result, the challenges women face adapting to climate change tend to overshadow the contributions women make to mitigating climate change. It has also fed false narratives of women as passive victims of climate change. This chapter draws upon a series of applied case studies from Southeast Asia to demonstrate women have frequently untapped potential to mitigate climate change. It argues key to unlocking that potential is to take advantage of recent trends in international climate negotiations to make climate governance more participatory at multiple levels. At one level, pilot initiatives are needed to offer clear evidence of how women can mitigate climate change. At higher levels, policies provide finance for replicating gender-responsive mitigation actions are needed. At institutional level, policymakers in gender and climate institutions equip them with the skills and knowledge to mainstream gender into climate policies. This multi-level approach fits well with trends in global climate policy that encourage countries to move beyond projects to policies and institutional reforms and leads to transitions that are at once environmentally sustainable and socially just.