Food security impacts of industrial crop production in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review of the impact mechanisms

In Food Security
Volume (Issue): 12
Peer-reviewed Article

A number of industrial crops have been promoted in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to meet a range of policy objectives including economic growth, rural development, agricultural modernization and energy security. The food security impacts of industrial crop production have received extensive policy attention and have been widely discussed in the academic literature. There is, however, an overall lack of a clear understanding of these impacts due to the large diversity of industrial crops, and their varied modes of production, expansion areas, and impact mechanisms. This systematic review synthesizes the available knowledge on the interface of industrial crops and food security in SSA. In particular, we identify key patterns with how different industrial crops and impact mechanisms are represented and studied in the current literature, and how they intersect to affect food security. The current literature is fragmented, as most studies focus on single or small subsets of crops and impact mechanisms. Most studies capture mechanisms related to food access and availability, rather than to food utilization and stability. A clustering analysis identified the main literature clusters that combine mechanisms related to food availability, access to food, and environmental impact. The overall analysis presented in this systematic review allowed us to identify priority policy and practice domains that need to be targeted in order to improve the food security outcomes of industrial crop production in SSA.

Author:
Marcin
Jarzebski
Abubakari
Ahmed
Yaw
Boafo
Boubacar
Balde
Linda
Chinangwa
Graham
von Maltitz
Alexandros
Gasparatos
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