Environmentally Friendly Public Transport Planning: Issue paper

Event: Manila Policy Dialogue on Environment and Transport in the Asian Region
Date: 16-17 January, 2004, Manila, Philippines

Issue paper and the presentation material for the discussion session of the Manila Policy Dialogue on Environment and Transport in the Asian Region (16-17 January, 2004, Manila, Philippines: Session5).

Public transport is an essential component of environmental sustainability, because by reducing the use of automobiles it contributes to reducing energy consumption as well as reducing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases.

The importance of developing environmentally friendly public transport is widely accepted and addressed by policy-makers in Asia. The Nagoya Statement on Environmentally Sustainable Transport in the Asian Region, in 2003, stated the need for much further expansion and improvement of urban and inter-city rail transit systems. The Seoul Declaration in 2001 addressed the importance of the government taking a leading role in more effectively integrating the different forms of transport in order to develop sustainable intermodal transport systems.

There is a high potential for public transport in Asia. Population density a favorable factor for public transport is higher in Asia than in other regions of the world. Attempts have been made to introduce environmentally friendly public transport in Asia, and cities such as Tokyo, Singapore, and Seoul are well known as transit-oriented cities. However, in reality, Asian cities are experiencing difficulties introducing effective public transport in the face of growing motorization.

This paper endeavors to facilitate the discussion to seek strategies to develop environmentally friendly public transport planning in Asia by examining (1) the rationales for providing sustainable public transport systems; (2) the characteristics of various modes of public transport and (3) the factors for successful introduction of public transport.


UNCRD EST website: http://www.uncrd.or.jp/env/est/