Patch-Based Local Climate Zones Mapping and Population Distribution Pattern in Provincial Capital Cities of China

In ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Volume (Issue): 11 (8)
Peer-reviewed Article

Accurate urban morphology provided by Local Climate Zones (LCZ), a universal surface classification scheme, offers opportunities for studies of urban heat risk, urban ventilation, and transport planning. In recent years, researchers have attempted to generate LCZ maps worldwide with the World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT). However, the accuracy of LCZ mapping is not satisfactory and cannot fulfill the quality demands of practical usage. Here, we constructed a high-quality sample dataset from Chinese cities and presented a patch-based classification framework that employs chessboard segmentation and multi-seasonal images for LCZ mapping. Compared with the latest WUDAPT method, the overall accuracy for all LCZ types (OA) and urban LCZ types (OAu) of our framework increased by about 10% and 9%, respectively. Furthermore, based on the analysis of population distribution, we first gave the population density of different built-up LCZs of Chinese cities and found a hierarchical effect of population density among built-up LCZs in different size cities. In summary, this study could serve as a valuable reference for producing high-quality LCZ maps and understanding population distribution patterns in built-up LCZ types.

Author:
Liang
Zhou
Lei
Ma
Ziyun
Yan
Feixue
Li
Manchun
Li
Date: