Factors Promoting Clean Energy in Japanese Cities: Nuclear Risks Versus Climate Change Risks

In Sustainability
Volume (Issue): 11(24)
Peer-reviewed Article
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This article focuses on understanding the factors a ecting the subconscious minds of urban citizens in terms of promoting clean energy and deregulation of the electricity sector. Does risk perception related to climate change and nuclear energy e ect their choices? Does it differ between cities? A comparative analysis was performed for four cities after the accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Corporation’s (TEPCO)’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011. This article uses a modeling technique based on surveys gathered in 2012. The results show that nuclear risks had a larger influence than climate-change risks with regards to supporting the deregulation of the electricity sector in TEPCO-serviced cities. Meanwhile, in non TEPCO-serviced cities, nuclear risks were more influential when the proportion of nuclear within the energy mix of the local utility was large. When the proportion was low, climate-change risks had the larger influence. Meanwhile,results from all four cities show that there is indeed a positive causal relationship between citizens’ levels of wareness of climate change and energy savings.