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100 Questions & Answers about MRV

References

1. Introduction:

UNFCCC. (2007) Decision 1/CP.13. Bali Action Plan. FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1.

4.1. National Communications (non-Annex I):

GEF. (2007) “Operational Procedures for the Expedited Financing of National Communications from non-Annex I Parties (GEF/C.22/Inf.16/Rev. 1)”

NCSP/UNDP-UNEP-GEF. (2006) “The National communications process. Resource kit”

NCSP/UNDP-UNEP-GEF. (2012) “Lessons Learned and Experiences from the Preparation of National Communications from Non-annex I Countries”

UNFCCC. (1992) UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE. Available at http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention/items/6036.php

UNFCCC. (2002) “Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention” (Decision 17/CP.8)

UNFCCC. (2003) REPORTING ON CLIMATE CHANGE user manual for the guidelines on national communications from non-Annex I Parties

UNFCCC. (2005) “Submission of second and, where appropriate, third national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention” (Decision 8/CP.11)

UNFCCC. (2006) “United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Handbook”

UNFCCC. (2009) “UNFCCC Resource Guide for preparing the National Communications of Non-Annex I Parties Module 1 The process of national communications from Non-annex I Parties”

UNFCCC. (2013) “Guidelines for the technical review of information reported under the Convention related to greenhouse gas inventories, biennial reports and national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention”

UNFCCC. (2015) “Submitted National Communications from non-Annex I Parties” Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/submitted_natcom/items/653.php

4.2. Biennial Update Reports:

GEF. (2012) “GEF Policy Guidelines for the financing of biennial update reports for Parties not included in Annex I to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change”

UNFCCC. (2002) “Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention” (Decision 17/CP.8)

UNFCCC. (2010) “The Cancun Agreements: Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention” (1/CP.16)

UNFCCC. (2011) Decision 2/CP.17. Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention, FCCC/CP/2011/9/Add.1. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2011/cop17/eng/09a01.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013) “Composition, modalities and procedures of the team of technical experts under international consultation and analysis”, Available at http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/warsaw_nov_2013/decisions/application/pdf/cop19_tte_ica.pdf

UNFCCC. (2014) Supplementary CGE training materials – Biennial update reports. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/methodological_documents/items/7915.php

UNFCCC. (2014) Provision of financial and technical support, Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair, FCCC/SBI/2014/L.29. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2014/sbi/eng/l29.pdf

UNFCCC. (2015) Submitted biennial update reports (BURs) from non-Annex I Parties. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/reporting_on_climate_change/items/8722.php

UNFCCC. (2015b) International Consultation and Analysis (ICA) Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/cge/items/8621.php

UNFCCC. (2015c) Provision of financial and technical support, Draft conclusions proposed by the Chair, FCCC/SBI/2015/L.8. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/sbi/eng/l08.pdf

UNFCCC. (2015d) Financial and Technical Support for non-Annex I Parties. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/financial_technical_support/items/6921.php

4.3. National GHG Inventories (non-Annex I):

IPCC. (2006) IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Available at http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/index.html

UNFCCC. (2002) Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention. (Decision 17/CP.8)

UNFCCC. (2006) Updated UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories following incorporation of the provisions of decision 14/CP.11. Note by the secretariat. FCCC/SBSTA/2006/9. Available athttp://unfccc.int/documentation/documents/advanced_search/items/6911.php?priref=600003988

UNFCCC. (2011) Decision 2/CP.17. Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention, FCCC/CP/2011/9/Add.1. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2011/cop17/eng/09a01.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013) National Communications and Biennial Update Reports from Non-Annex I Parties. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2716.php

U.S. EPA. (2013) National System Templates.

UNFCCC. (2014) Supplementary CGE training materials – Biennial update reports. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/methodological_documents/items/7915.php

4.4. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs):

Lütken, SE, Dransfeld B, Wehner S. (2013) Guidance for NAMA design: Building on Country Experiences.

UNFCCC. (2007) Decision 1/CP.13. Bali Action Plan. FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1.

UNFCCC. (2010) The Cancun Agreements: Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention. 1/CP.16. FCCC/CP/2010/7/Add.1.

UNFCCC. (2011) 2/CP.17. Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention. FCCC/CP/2011/9/Add.1.

UNFCCC. (2013) 21/CP.19. General guidelines for domestic measurement, reporting and verification of domestically supported nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country Parties. FCCC/CP/2013/10/Add.2.

UNFCCC. (2015) CGE Training Materials for the Preparation of Biennial Update Reports from non-Annex I Parties. Biennial Update Reports: Mitigation Actions and their Effects. Available at http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/methodological_documents/items/7915.php

UNFCCC Secretariat. (2014) Handbook on Measurement, Reporting, and Verification for Developing Countries. Available at http://unfccc.int/files/national_reports/annex_i_natcom_/application/pdf/non-annex_i_mrv_handbook.pdf

4.5. City-scale GHG Inventories:

ARENE. (2013)

cCCR. (2015) Available at http://citiesclimateregistry.org.

Compact of Mayors. (2015) Available at www.compactofmayors.org

GHG Protocol. (2014a) “Greenhouse Gas Protocol Mitigation Goal Standard” Available at http://www.ghgprotocol.org/

GHG Protocol. (2014b) “Greenhouse Gas Protocol Policy and Action Standard. Available at http://www.ghgprotocol.org/

IPCC. (2006) IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Available at http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/index.html

WRI, C40, ICLEI. (2014) “Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas EmissionsInventories ”. Available at http://www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting

WRI, C40, ICLEI. (2013) GPC Pilot Project.

4.6. Clean Development Mechanism:

CDM EB. (2012) Clean development mechanism accreditation standard for operational entities ver4.0. EB67 Annex5.

CDM EB. (2013) CDM accreditation procedure ver11.0. CDM-EB05-A02-PROC.

Eco Securities and UNEP Risoe Centre. (2007) Guidebook to financing CDM projects.

Hayashi, D., Michaelowa, A., Dransfeld, B., Niemann, M., André Marr, M., Müller, N., Wehner, S., Krey, M., Neufeld, C. S., Oppermann, K. (2010) PoA BLUEPRINT BOOK Guidebook for PoA coordinators under CDM/JI- 2.Edition. KfW Bankengruppe, Frankfurt am Main.

IGES. (2015a) IGES CDM monitoring and issuance database, as of September 2014. Available at https://pub.iges.or.jp/modules/envirolib/view.php?docid=3195

IGES. (2015b) IGES CDM project database, as of October 2014. Available at https://pub.iges.or.jp/modules/envirolib/view.php?docid=968

UNFCCC. (2006) FCCC/KP/CMP/2005/8/Add.1.

UNFCCC. (2010) Possible options for loan scheme to cover the cost of CDM project development to countries with less than 10 projects. Available at http://cdm.unfccc.int/EB/054/eb54annagan10.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013a) Clean development mechanism project standard. Available at http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Standards/index.html

UNFCCC. (2013b) Clean development mechanism project cycle procedure (PCP). Available at http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Procedures/index.html#proj_cycle

UNFCCC. (2013c) Clean development mechanism validation and verification standard (VVS). Available at http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Standards/index.html

UNFCCC. (2014) UNFCCC CDM Methodology Booklet. Available on http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/documentation/index.html

UNFCCC Loan Scheme for CDM Website (2015). Available at http://cdmloanscheme.org/

UNFCCC CDM Help Desk. (2015) Available at https://cdm.unfccc.int/helpdesk

UNFCCC CDM DNA Help Desk (2015) Available at https://cdm.unfccc.int/DNA/helpdesk

UNFCCC CDM Frequently Asked Questions. (2015) Available at https://cdm.unfccc.int/faq/index.html

4.7. Joint Crediting Mechanism:

Japan’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution(INDC) Available at http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/indc/Submission%20Pages/submissions.aspx

Government of Japan. (2015) Recent Development of The Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). July 2015. Available at http://www.mmechanisms.org/document/20150724_JCM_goj_e.pdf

Government of Japan. (2014) Recent Development of The Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). Oct 2014. Available at http://www.mmechanisms.org/document/20141014_JCM_goj.pdf

Government of Japan. (2014) Recent Development of The Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). October 2014.

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013) Low Carbon development Partnership between the Japanese side and the Mongolian side. Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_09/JCM_MN_bilateral_document.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013b) Rules of Implementation for The Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). [JCM_MN_RoI_ver01.0] Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_01/JCM_MN_RoI_ver01.0.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013c) Joint Crediting Mechanism Project Cycle Procedure. [JCM_MN_PCP_ver03.0] Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_03/JCM_MN_PCP_ver03.0.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013d) Joint Crediting Mechanism Guidelines for Developing Project Design Document and Monitoring Report. [JCM_MN_GL_PDD_MR_ver01.0] Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_04/JCM_MN_PDD_MR_ver01.0.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013e) Joint Crediting mechanism Guidelines for Designation as a Third-Party Entity. [JCM_MN_GL_TPE_ver03.0] Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_07/JCM_MN_GL_TPE_ver03.0.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013f) Joint Crediting Mechanism Guidelines for Validation and Verification. [JCM_MN_GL_VV_ver01.0] Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/rules_and_guidelines/mn/file_06/JCM_MN_GL_VV_ver01.0.pdf

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) between Mongolia and Japan. (2013g) Third-Party Entities (TPEs) Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp/mn-jp/tpes

JCM Website (2015) Available at https://www.jcm.go.jp

UNFCCC. (2012) Decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties1/CP.18 Agreed outcome pursuant to the Bali Action Plan [FCCC/CP/2012/8/Add.1] Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2012/cop18/eng/08a01.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013a) Submission by Japan on various approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation actions. 26April 2013. Available at http://unfccc.int/files/documentation/submissions_from_parties/application/pdf/fva_japan.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013b) View on a framework for various approaches Submissions form Parties. [FCCC/SBSTA/2013/MISC.11] Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2013/sbsta/eng/misc11.pdf

UNFCCC. (2014) Submission by Japan on Framework for Various Approaches
Available at http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/Lists/OSPSubmissionUpload/53_87_130571694875317894-FVA_Japan.pdf

5. Good Practices – Lessons from Asia

Batimaa, P., Namkhainyam, B., Dorjpurev, J. (2010) Mongolia’s Institutional Framework to Prepare GHG Inventory. Presentation at The 8th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA8). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg8/pdf/3-wg1-2_batimaa_punsalmaa.pdf

Boer, R. (2009) Time series estimates made for Indonesia’s GHG inventory included in the SNC. Presentation at The 7th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA7). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg7/pdf/4.2.7.%20Rizaldi%20Boer.pdf

Chile. (2014) Chile’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, 1990-2010.

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan. (2013) Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Inventories in Asia (WGIA). National Institute for Environmental Studies. Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wgiaindex-e.html

Han, S., Zhang, W., Zheng, X., Huang, Y., Wang, M. GHG emission from China croplands. (2012) Presentation at The 10th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA10). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg10/pdf/2-2_5_AFOLU_China.pdf

IGES. (2013a) IGES CDM monitoring and issuance database, as of September 2013. Available at https://pub.iges.or.jp/modules/envirolib/view.php?docid=3195

Jargal, D. (2009) Review of GHG Inventory Preparation in Mongolia. Presentation at The 7th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA7). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg7/pdf/4.2.5.%20Dorjpurev%20Jargal.pdf

Jargal, D. (2011) Inventory QA/QC Planning in Mongolia. Presentation at The 9th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA9). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg9/pdf/3-wg4-3_dorjpurev_jargal.pdf

Lee, M. (2011) An Overview of GHG Inventory QA/QC System in Korea. Presentation at The 9th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA9). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg9/pdf/3-wg4-4_mihyeon_lee.pdf

Ministry of the Environment, Korea. (2009) Korea’s GHG Inventory Management. Presentation at The 7th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA7). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg7/pdf/4.1.5.%20Jang-won%20Lee.pdf

Mori, N. (2012) Challenges for Development of National GHG Inventory. Experiences of JICA’s Technical Cooperation. Presentation at The 10th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA10). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg10/pdf/3_1.pdf

NCSP/UNDP-UNEP-GEF. (2006) “The National communications process. Resource kit”

NCSP/UNDP-UNEP-GEF. (2012) “Lessons Learned and Experiences from the Preparation of National Communications from Non-annex I Countries”

Republic of Korea. (2014) First Biennial Update Report of the Republic of Korea, Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Sharma, C. (2010) GHG emissions from agriculture soils in India. Presentation at The 8th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA8). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg8/pdf/3-wg2-5_chhemendra_sharma.pdf

Singapore (2014). Singapore’s Third National Communication And First Biennial Update Report.

Sing, S. (2010) Enteric methane emissions of Indian livestock from prevalent feeding systems in different agro ecological regions. Presentation at The 8th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA8). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg8/pdf/3-wg2-3_sultan_singh.pdf

South Africa.(2014) GHG National Inventory Report South Africa 2000-2010.

Swe, K. L. (2010) Progress in National GHG Inventory in Myanmar. Presentation at The 8th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA8). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg8/pdf/3-wg2-7_khin_lay_swe.pdf

Than, A. (in press) Myanmar National Communication Report. Presentation at The 11th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA11).

Towprayoon, S. Chidthaisong, A., Garivait, S., Pathumsawas, S., Sorapipat, C., Jiarakorn, S., Nopparat, A., Chiemchaisri, C., Phongphiphat, A. (2009) Time series estimates made for Thailand’s GHG inventory included in the SNC. Presentation at The 7th Workshop on GHG Inventories in Asia (WGIA7). Available at http://www-gio.nies.go.jp/wgia/wg7/pdf/4.2.6.%20Sirintronthep%20Towprayoon.pdf

UNFCCC. (2011) Decision 2/CP.17. Outcome of the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention, FCCC/CP/2011/9/Add.1. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2011/cop17/eng/09a01.pdf

UNFCCC. (2013d) Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system. Available at http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/PAmethodologies/tools/am-tool-07-v3.0.0.pdf/history_view

Viet Nam. (2014) The Initial Biennial Updated Report of Viet Nam to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

WRI, CASS, WWF, ISC. (2013) Greenhouse Gas Inventory Tool for Chinese Cities. Available at www.ghgprotocol.org/city-accounting

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