Sustainable Cities – Kitakyushu Urban Centre: Outline

Policy Research on Low-Carbon and Resilient City
Assistance for Development of Low Carbon City Policies in Surabaya, Indonesia

Surabaya, a mid-sized Indonesian city, has a long-standing assistance relationship with Kitakyushu City and has won widespread praise for its environmental work. This is an ambitious multi-year project aiming to build local staff capacity and monitor, report, and verify (MRV) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions so that a long-term effective low-carbon city plan can be created. It is a part of Japan’s Joint Credit Mechanism programme which aims to assist developing countries reduce their GHG emissions. By doing so, such reductions are expected to be credited to Japan as part of their reduction efforts as well as improving the living standards of developing countries.

9-10 February 2015 6th High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities
28 February - 1 March 2014 5th High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities
20 November 2013 Interim Meeting for the Project on Low-Carbon City Planning in Surabaya, Indonesia
16 November 2013 COP19 IGES Co-Organised Event
Low-Carbon City Planning in Surabaya, Indonesia, Supported by Kitakyushu, Japan
24 July 2013 ISAP 2013 KUC Session
Potential of City-to-City Cooperation for Low-Carbon Development in Asia: A Case study of the Cooperation between Surabaya City and Kitakyushu City
10 July 2013 Inception Workshop
Low-Carbon and Environmentally Sustainable City Planning Project in Surabaya, Indonesia
Capacity Development for GHG Emissions Reduction at a Local Level

With rapid urbanisation, increasing environmental damage and climate change concerns, Asian cities are increasingly looking to independently understand and mitigate their impact on the environment. An important aspect of this is monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Once problem areas are identified quantitatively, cities can feed the findings into their low-carbon city plans, improving their environment and help the fight against climate change. KUC is working with Surabaya, Indonesia; Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, and Nonthaburi, Thailand to achieve these goals.

Resilient City Policies

This study is supported by Environment Research & Technology Development Fund of the Ministry of Environment, Japan (MOEJ). It aims to assess the concept of ‘Resilient Cities’ based on administrative theory and developing policy methods (policy chart, indicators, etc.), designing institutional arrangement for decentralised energy autonomy, developing a programme of capacity building for policy formulation, assessing a consensus building system in the region, establishing a resilient city policy model by integrating multiple assessment schemes of resiliency, and contributing research results to (2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami) affected areas and Asian cities. The study is focused on studying the resilience or coping capacities of four selected cities, including Nonthaburi, Ho Chi Minh, Cebu and Shanghai in Asia, identifying existing gaps and proposing policy recommendations with respect to climate change responses, energy and disaster risk management.

Capacity Building for GHG Emissions Reduction in Thai Municipalities

Phitsanulok and Nonthaburi are two medium-sized municipalities within Thailand. Both have won awards for their commitment to environmental improvement and are looking to implement low-carbon city strategies with MRV (Monitoring, Reporting and Verification) of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions being a key part of this. KUC is assisting both municipalities in the compilation of baseline data and stock-taking existing policies on all key urban sectors (e.g. solid waste management, water supply, wastewater treatment, energy, transport etc. The challenges faced by local governments in data collection and management, as well as low-carbon policy development, will be analysed. Recommendations aimed at informing national and local mitigation policies will be made.

30 May 2013 Inception Workshop for Capacity Building on MRV in Phitsanulok Municipality
Training for Low-Carbon City Planning

This JICA-training programme aims to improve the integrated planning capacity of NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) in participating countries through understanding the international trends for the reduction of greenhouse gases, practical policies and measures at national and local levels. In particular, the curriculum is focused on the experiences of Kitakyushu City in implementing mitigation measures at the local government level. This programme provides technical assistance and know-how to officers in charge of development of climate mitigation plans or city plans. Achievements of capacity building in developing Asian countries, such as gathered information, edited or produced training modules and customers' needs and gaps, will be gathered and analysed.

17 June - 5 July 2013 The Capacity Development for NAMA/MRV
Development of Low-Carbon City Training Modules

In order to develop a set of training modules, Kitakyushu City’s existing experiences and actions in overcoming pollution, improving the environment, low-carbon city planning and international cooperation are documented in cooperation with relevant departments, universities, NGOs, private companies in Kitakyushu City. The modules are used in JICA-training programmes and provide effective input to government officials in Asia. The modules are undergoing improvements, accepting and reflecting the customers' needs and gaps, as well as making comparative analyses with ongoing and planned activities in each targeted city. This programme is strengthening KUC’s position as an information centre on low-carbon city development.

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Action Research on Efficient Use of Resources
Malaysia Food Waste Management Strategy

In Malaysia, organic waste makes up more than 50% of solid waste and its disposal at landfill sites is the largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the waste sector. In order to target organic waste, especially food waste, a bilateral cooperation project for the development of a national food waste management strategy in Malaysia started in December 2010 with financial support from the Ministry of the Environment Japan (MOEJ). In cooperation with Ministry of Housing and Local Government (MHLG) of Malaysia, the project provides technical support for the development of a regulatory framework for food waste management.

Vietnam 3R Action Programme

Waste Management and Environmental Improvement Department (WENID), Vietnam Environment Administration (VEA), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), Viet Nam are developing a 3R Action Programme, prescribing the roles and responsibilities of government agencies in promoting 3R activities. The project supports WENID, VEA in developing a 3R Action Programme by providing a policy framework of the action plan as well as the information on good practices of 3Rs in other countries. In order to link with actual practices at the provincial and cities level, the project also supports preparation of a set of guidelines for cities to develop a solid waste management plan. In the project, Ho Chi Minh City was selected as a model city, and support for developing an integrated solid waste management action plan was undertaken in the cooperation between Ho Chi Minh City and Osaka.

Nairobi Solid Waste Management

In collaboration with JICA and KITA, KUC is assisting Nairobi City County in enhancing its solid waste management. The project started in 2012 and will run for four years with the aim of building capacity for city county staff in order to improve Nairobi’s chronic waste disposal problems. With the successful achievement of the technical assistance in the first year, the project is on track to address the problems of private/public partnerships, lack of capacity and public awareness.

Community-based Composting in Cebu, Philippines

Through the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 the Philippine National Government has delegated to local government units the aim of achieving 25% waste reduction through integrated solid waste management plans based on the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycling). KUC is currently working with Cebu which has succeeded in reducing its municipal waste generation by more than 30% over the last three years. This study explores the implementation process, innovative actions taken by the Cebu City Government in implementing the national mandate at local level and identifies the factors that influence the policy implementation.

Business Model Analysis of Large-Scale Composting Facilities

In recent years composting has received attention as a potential low-cost and low-tech option for Asian local governments looking to reduce their organic waste. This Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded study will look at how composting can be successfully introduced and made technically and economically viable through the evaluation of the experiences of composting programmes in six Asian countries, including Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India, Thailand, Indonesia and China. It includes a literature review, field research and case study analysis conducted during the period of August 2011 to January 2013, as well as summarising key findings and making policy recommendations.

Recycling-based Solid Waste Management in Surabaya, Indonesia

In collaboration with Nishihara Corporation, NTT Data Institute of Management Consulting, Inc., Kitakyushu City, a project on solid waste minimisation using at-source separation and recycling has been implemented in Surabaya, Indonesia with financial support from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan (MOFA). Nishihara Corporation, a Kitakyushu-based waste management company, constructed a waste sorting and transfer centre, called a Super Depo in Surabaya city, which was officially commended by the Surabaya Mayor in March 2013. Unsorted household waste is collected and sorted into organic waste as well as recyclables at Super Depo by hiring waste pickers, and the project aims to achieve 75% waste reduction.

Plastic Recycling in Cebu, Philippines

In the Philippines, specific plastic waste management systems, policies and technologies are still in an emergent state. This newly-proposed project therefore aims to develop a viable pilot model for converting plastic waste into resources in Metro Cebu. It will assess current plastic waste management systems and set up a demonstration project in collaboration with public and private sector based on the know-how of Nishihara Co. in Kitakyushu City. The study will give recommendations to make improvements in managing plastic waste in a more cost effective manner.

Safe and Low-cost Water Supply in Surabaya, Indonesia

This project aims to provide high-quality drinking water at a reasonable price, including the construction of a water sewage treatment facility in Surabaya city, Indonesia.
Further, it discusses the links between safe drinking water and the regional water cycle of cleaning polluted water. In order to understand the circulation of drinking water and sewage water/water resources, the study suggests the following three activities; (1) seminar and promotion on tools and technologies of the supply of drinking water and septic tanks, (2) tests of water quality, investigation of industrial applicability of technology, research into the needs related to drinking water and (3) development of mechanisms for the sale of drinking water by citizens, as well as for the operation and maintenance of the treatment system of water sewage by citizens

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Networks
ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme

The ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme is a regional initiative funded by the Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF) promoting the development of Environmentally Sustainable Cities (ESC) across ASEAN countries via national programmes encouraging and supporting innovative and voluntary bottom-up initiatives through capacity building, training and other methods. In so doing, the programme aims to support ASEAN countries in the creation of model cities to serve as examples across the region of how local governments can take a lead in pursuing sustainable development at the local level.

 
  1. ASEAN ESC Model Cities Programme
    16 November 2013 COP19 IGES Co-Organised Event
    Environmentally Sustainable Cities (ESC) Model Cities Programme in ASEAN
High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities

The High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities (HLS ESC) is the flagship collaborative initiative by 18 East Asia Summit (EAS) participating countries (consisting of 10 ASEAN member states, plus Australia, China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea and New Zealand, as well as the United States and Russia) to foster concrete activities on ESC in the region. It provides a platform to gather a broad range of stakeholders from across the East Asia Summit region to discuss current issues and explore opportunities for collaborative actions.

 
  1. High Level Seminar on Environmentally Sustainable Cities
KitaQ System Composting Network

The KitaQ System Composting Network is a group of cities committed to waste reduction through composting following the KitaQ System Composting (a community-based SWM and composting system introduced by the Kitakyushu City, KITA and IGES aiming to build the capacity of cities in Asia to reduce the municipal solid waste sent to landfill by setting up waste reduction targets; introduce waste separation at source; compost at household, community, market or private premises using the Takakura Method, a simple composting method introduced by Mr. Koji Takakura of JPOWER Group/JPec Co. Ltd in Kitakyushu City). Membership of the network is open to interested cities in the Asian region which are willing to submit an achievable waste reduction strategy using the KitaQ System Composting. Cities also receive access to waste reduction experts and opportunities to attend related workshops and seminars in the region. There have also been two previous KitaQ System Composting Seminars in Kitakyushu in 2011 and 2012 to review progress, update skills and share experiences.

 
  1. The KitaQ System Composting Network
    18 Sep. 2013 Releasing the Organic Composting Manual for kids; "Organic Composting - How Great!"

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Collaboration Projects with Local Partners in Kitakyushu
OECD Green Cities Study; Policy Recommendations on Disseminating Local Governments' Initiatives for Promoting Green Growth Policies to the World

OECD has recently launched its Green Cities Programme which aims to promote Green Growth across OECD countries and cities. In July, 2011, Kitakyushu City has been selected along with Chicago, Paris and Stockholm as case studies which been assessed on the success of the cities creating and implementing policies that reduce the environmental pressures on urban attractiveness, job creation and increasing the supply and demand of regionally produced greens goods and services. KUC has been involved through assessing the report with Kitakyushu City and making policy suggestions from the reports aimed at Asian cities.

18 October 2013 Towards a Green Growth Accelerating More:
"OECD Green Cities Programme Commemorative Meeting for the Kitakyushu Report Publication"
Feasibility Study of City collaboration between Myanmar cities and Kitakyushu City: Myanmar Study

Myanmar's government is aware of the challenges associated with urbanisation and has endorsed sustainable city development as a priority area for international cooperation activities. A rapid survey was commissioned by the Kitakyushu City with the following objectives: (i) provide a baseline understanding of Myanmar’s conditions and; (ii) explore possibilities and formulate specific recommendations for establishing inter-city collaborative projects in the area of urban environmental management and sustainable development.

6 February 2015

The 4th Green Economy Green Growth, GEGG Myanmar Forum
IGES and Kitakyushu City hosted Panel Discussion on “Mandalay – Kitakyushu City to City Cooperation Towards an Eco Model City of ASEAN” in collaboration with MCDC
Junior Science School on Composting with Kyushu Institute of Technology (KIT)

KUC, in collaboration with Kyushu Institute of Technology and JPOWER Group/Jpec in Kitakyushu City, has initiated a new curriculum for Junior Science School on Composting. The new curriculum calls for students to learn science with an emphasis on actual real world practices, including conducting original inquiry and research. The study of waste production and management lends itself to interdisciplinary study, and school composting provides an opportunity for real-world problem-solving with cooperative learning groups. Students will gain an awareness of the role of individuals in the world today and through the construction of compost systems, students are empowered to make a positive change in their world.

18 Sep. 2013 Releasing the Organic Composting Manual for kids; "Organic Composting - How Great!"

Other Collaboration Projects
7-9 June 2013 Collaboration with University Students on the International Conference of Design for Sustainability Sustainable Design: Share Asian Future!
29 May 2013 Kitakyushu Environmental Future City Study Tour

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