Sustainable Cities (Kitakyushu Urban Centre)
City exchange between Cebu, Philippines and Kitakyushu, Japan under the CCAC-MSWI
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition – Municipal Solid Waste Initiative (CCAC-MSWI) aims to assist cities in improving their municipal solid waste management systems to reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) such as methane (produced by the decomposition of organic matter in landfills) and black carbon (produced by open burning of waste). The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) is one of the project implementers in Asia, currently working in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. Under the framework of the CCAC-MSWI, IGES provides assistance to the recipient cities through a step-by-step approach. IGES has already undertaken work in Battambang, Cambodia; Phitsanulok, Thailand; Surabaya, Indonesia; and Cebu, Philippines to develop rapid city assessments and action plans. Currently, IGES is following on from the initial assessments to providing assistance to all these cities in preparing a detailed work plan as well as commencing working with the new joined cities of Map Ta Phut and Rayong City (Thailand) in preparing a rapid city assessment and action plan.
Cebu City, one of the fast growing cities in the Philippines, is creating work plans and implementing pilot projects to reduce SLCPs from municipal solid waste management (MSWM) by introducing waste separation at source and collection, the promotion of composting for organic waste recycling, establishment of material recovery facilities (MRF) for promoting recycling, landfill improvement, and building partnerships with citizens and the private sector in order to comply with the National Solid Waste Management Law (RA 9003) utilising the CCAC-MSWI framework. In order to assist Cebu City in implementing the above activities effectively in two model barangays (Barangay Kalunasan and Barangay Apas), a city exchange was organised to share experiences and lessons learnt as well as to receive technical assistance between Cebu City and Kitakyushu City. The experience of Kitakyushu City, a leading environmental model city in Japan, in modernising its MSWM and environmental condition through building partnerships with public, private and civil society sectors is a valuable lesson for Cebu City.
A team of nine, comprising seven representatives from Cebu City (senior policy makers, members of the Cebu City Solid Waste Management Board, and representatives of the model barangays) and two senior officials from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), national focal points for CCAC-MSWI, joined the five-day programme from 15 – 20 November 2015.
On the first day, the participants were welcomed by the Environment Bureau of Kitakyushu City and were given an overview of the MSWM and industrial waste management policy and practices in the city. The participants then had an opportunity to visit Kitakyushu Eco-Town, an eco-industrial park which enables resource circulation through its many recycling companies. There they learned how the separated waste is recycled in a number of companies including automotive, home appliance and fluorescent tube recycling as well as organic waste composting.
On the second day, practical training in how to produce compost was undertaken and experiences in establishing sustainable composting programmes at decentralised and centralised setups were shared.
The following day, participants observed the separated waste collection in one of the city neighbourhoods. Participants had an opportunity to interview the waste collection staff and neighbourhood members on the key points of waste separation and collection. This was followed by a visit to a material recovery facility (MRF) to observe how the separated waste is further separated and sent to recycling facilities in the Eco-Town. A further visit to a waste-to-energy plant and refuse derived fuel (RDF) facility enabled the participants to further learn Japanese final disposal methods. On the last day, participants visited the sanitary landfill site and learned about semi-aerobic landfill facility management.
Finally, the city exchange programme concluded with a review of the key factors and guiding principles for establishing integrated solid waste management (ISWM) in Cebu based on the lessons learned from the experience of Kitakyushu City covering policy development, legal aspects, and technical application in partnership with different stakeholders. Both cities spoke of their high appreciation of the city exchange and are looking forward to continuing to cooperate in developing a work plan for Cebu City to reduce SLCP from municipal waste.
|Date||15-20 November, 2015|