Sustainable Cities (Kitakyushu Urban Centre)
Interim Meeting for the Project on Low-Carbon City Planning in Surabaya, Indonesia
The Interim Meeting aimed to share the current study findings among the relevant city departments and stakeholders. Discussions were held regarding the relevant policies, regulations and programmes (existing and planned ones), feasibility (costs and benefits), implementation steps (roles and responsibilities) and barriers to implement the proposed projects.
|Date and Time||20 November 2013, 9:00-12:30|
|Venue||Meeting Hall, 3rd Floor, BAPPEKO(Development Planning Bureau), Surabaya City, Indonesia|
|Language||English and Bahasa Indonesian (consecutive translation)|
|The number of participants||approx. 50 persons|
|Related Document|| Agenda
Objectives of the project
The project has the following four objectives:
- Assist Surabaya City in developing low-carbon and environmentally sustainable city plans in the energy, transport, waste and water sectors
- Identify projects which can reduce GHG emissions (save energy and costs) in the short-term
- Identify projects which can reduce GHG emissions and bring about social, economic and environmental benefits in the long-term
- Support development of a data management system in Surabaya to measure GHG emission reductions
Agenda and Presentation Materials
In 2009, the Government of Indonesia pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% by 2020 compared to the business-as-usual level. In line with that, the National Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Reduction (RAN-GRK) and Local Action Plan for Greenhouse Gas Reduction (RAD-GRK) were developed to guide national and local governments in the planning of their mitigation plans and actions.
To further promote such efforts, the Governments of Japan and Indonesia signed the “Bilateral Cooperation on the Joint Crediting Mechanism for the Low Carbon Growth Partnership between Japan and the Republic of Indonesia” in August 2013. In association with that, the Ministry of the Environment, Japan, is assisting in the implementation of a number of feasibility studies to identify potential mitigation projects in Indonesia. Based on a long history of cooperation, Surabaya City was one of the sites selected for a comprehensive study led by a team from Kitakyushu, Japan. The on-going study on low-carbon city planning in Surabaya aims to identify potential GHG emissions reduction projects in the energy, transport, solid waste and water management sectors (Figures 1).
Figure 1 Implementation structure of the project on low-carbon city planning in Surabaya
Outputs of the Interim Meeting
At the Opening Session after the greetings by the chair, Ir. Maztri Indrawanto MSP., Surabaya DC Konsultan Pembanguanan Kota, Mr. Heru Apedianto, Secretary of Development Planning Bureau (BAPPEKO), Surabaya City Government, delivered the opening remarks expressing his high expectations of the project with regards to synergising with the Green City Master Plan of Surabaya City which is being developed. Following that, Mr. Naoki Motoshima, Kitakyushu City Government, reminded participants that the project is being implemented under the framework of the Green Sister City agreement between Surabaya City and Kitakyushu City, and Ms. Debi Nathalia, National Council on Climate Change Indonesia (DNPI), explained the relevant low-carbon policies in Indonesia.
After an overview of the project was presented by Mr. Toshizo Maeda, IGES, in which the total target of reducing over 100,000t-CO2/year of emissions by implementing the identified projects was introduced, seven presentations on the four sectors – energy, transport, solid waste and water management – explained the progress of each study.
For the energy sector, Mr. Motoshi Muraoka, NTT Data Institute of Management Consulting Inc., explained that the project team had identified the following two points: 1) several companies have been selected for the proposed combined heat and power (CHP, co-generation) projects in Pasuruan Industrial Estate Rembang (PIER) and additional research is planned in three more industrial estates, and 2) energy and resource efficiency measures have been determined, including the improvement of chillers and laundry machines and the installation of building energy management systems (BEMS) and LED lights for selected buildings, shopping malls and hotels. Following this, Ms. Santy Dermawi, KPMG, introduced the activities of Eco Action 21, which promotes energy and resource-saving activities for small and medium-sized enterprises, and proposed switching the kiln fuel from diesel to natural gas at a selected company as an energy saving measure.
For the transport sector, Mr. Ken Kumazawa, Almec VPI Corporation, introduced the idea of converting some buses and taxis from conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles to compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles as CNG is more energy efficient and cleaner. There are a total of ten CNG gas stations either in operation or in the planning stages throughout the city, with the national government supporting the use of CNG. He also recommended implementing eco-driving schemes for public transport and taxi fleets based on the GPS (global positioning system) survey results for selected vehicles.
For the solid waste management sector, Mr. Shintaro Higashi, IGES, on behalf of Nishihara Corporation, introduced the ongoing waste sorting project at the Super Depo (transfer station) in Sutorejo, which reduces as much as 70-80% of a total of 10-15 t/day of waste by recovering recyclables and composting organic waste. There is also another ongoing project to establish a composting centre in Wonorejo with a 20-40 t/day capacity. Following that, Mr. Jintoku Sakata, Hitachi Zosen Corporation, introduced the potential of constructing a waste-to-energy facility with a 500 t/day capacity based on the results of a heat content survey of the waste at Super Depo. Subsequently, Mr. Hiroshi Mekaru, Amita Corporation, explained the potential of constructing an industrial waste processing facility to produce substitute materials and fuels for cement plants based on hearings at selected factories in and nearby Surabaya City.
For the water management sector, Mr. Keishi Kabasawa, Matsuo Sekkei Corporation, explained that, after a series of surveys and on-site inspections at Karang Pilang Water Treatment Plants under the Water Supply Bureau (PDAM) Surabaya, the project team found that there is not much room for energy efficient measures and improving water leakages. This is because, according to their maintenance plan, PDAM Surabaya keeps the plants, pumps and water distribution networks well maintained. The project team, however, identified an energy efficient measure at a wastewater treatment plant in Surabaya Industrial Estate Rungkot (SIER) and Keputih Sludge Treatment Plant where it was recommended that energy-consuming aerators be replaced with energy efficient propellers and diffusers.
Discussion and Closing
During the discussion, participants expressed their concerns about the supply of CNG in terms of the quantity and infrastructure, and the capital costs of converting vehicles from gasoline / diesel to CNG as this is the primary barrier for drivers. It was recommended that a project team discuss with relevant lecturers of ITS (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember) as similar studies have been conducted by them in the past.
There were also requests to clarify the roles required of Surabaya City Government to promote the projects proposed in each sector, as well as to clearly explain how much CO2 emissions reductions are possible from each measure. It was also suggested that a workshop be organised for each sector to conduct intense discussions with the relevant officers and staff invited from the departments of Surabaya City Government, universities, private companies and other organisations concerned.
At the Closing Session, Dr. Maria Anityasari, ITS, introduced the Green City Master Plan being developed in Surabaya City covering eight sectors – planning and design, open space, building, transport, community, waste, water, and energy – which overlaps with the four sectors of the ongoing project. She stressed the need to upgrade the capacity of Surabaya City Government staff to plan and implement these blueprints and coordinate relevant stakeholders including the government, academics and business. In line with that, she welcomed the support by the Government of Japan and Kitakyushu City and suggested they map and prioritise the identified projects to ensure their swift implementation.
Looking towards the final seminar of the first-year study that is scheduled to take place on 10 February 2014, the project team plans to organise a set of workshops covering the four sectors and inviting relevant persons from the city government, universities, private companies and other organisations to take part in intensive discussions on the study findings.