Climate and Energy
UNFCCC SB40 Side Event:
Promoting actions for drastic mitigation toward 2020 and beyond from Asia
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) held a side event for the 40th Subsidiary Body sessions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC SB40) entitled "Promoting actions for drastic mitigation toward 2020 and beyond from Asia " on 6 June 2014 in Bonn, Germany.
Discussions focused on how international society at various levels (both national and sub‐national) can enhance mitigation by 2020 and beyond through implementing various policies including market mechanisms to promote drastic mitigation actions. We also looked at findings from recent research and initiatives to address key questions on how we can effectively implement policy and mechanisms to achieve the ultimate goal of 2 °C target.
We were delighted to welcome two climate policy experts as commentators and presenters: Dicky Edwin Hindarto (Head of Indonesia Joint Crediting Mechanism Secretariat, Indonesia) and Yunus Arikan (Head of Global Policy and Advocacy, ICLEI‐Local Governments for Sustainability World Secretariat). The event was great success, attracting around 40 participants including government officials, representatives from research institutes and NGOs, who took this opportunity to share a wide range of ideas.
Takeshi Kuramochi (Policy Researcher, Climate and Energy Area, IGES) presented the landscape of Japan's current climate policies based on a recently published paper, "GHG In Japan: An Overview Of The Current Policy Landscape". He presented that even when the emissions expected to be displaced by nuclear power are factored out, the ambition level of the revised 2020 target (3% increase from 1990 levels) is a large step back from the Copenhagen Pledge (25% reduction from 1990 levels) and is similar to the pre-Copenhagen target (9% reduction from 1990 levels). For raising ambition levels, he stated the importance of legally-binding long-term mitigation target and updating the short- and mid-term mitigation target when the initial economic growth projections are overestimating the actual growth rates.
Kazuhisa Koakutsu (Area Leader, Climate and Energy Area, IGES) presented results on IGES research on the evaluation of Kyoto Mechanisms. He stated that while the Kyoto Mechanisms made significant contributions for the development of infrastructure necessary for monitoring GHG emissions, further in-depth assessments are required to prove the effectiveness of the Kyoto Mechanisms in terms of how the mechanism has promoted the actual emissions reductions. He emphasised that the importance of utilising the infrastructure developed under the existing market mechanisms such as the project database, in order to address the issue of double registration.
Yunus Arikan (ICLEI) presented ICLEI's Local Government Climate Roadmap. In this presentation, Mr. Arikan emphasised that Japan provides many good examples of local actions, such as the Tokyo Emissions Trading Scheme and the development of GHG inventories in numerous local government bodies. Mr. Arikan stated that Japan can achieve further emissions reductions through enhanced local actions based on their well-established GHG inventory infrastructure.
Dicky Edwin Hindarto (Indonesia) commented on the three presentations, emphasising the knowledge and capacity gap on the ground level in developing countries for implementing mitigation actions. Mr. Hindarto stated that schemes such as the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) may enable the deployment of mitigation projects that are tailor-made for each developing country.
How to operationalize market mechanisms:
Experience from the implementation of Kyoto Mechanism
and the role of Framework for Various Approaches (FVAs)
Kazuhisa Koakutsu, Area Leader, Climate and Energy Area, IGES
PDF (996KB) Promoting city‐level actions for drastic mitigation actions
Yunus Arikan, Head of Global Policy and Advocacy, ICLEI‐Local Governments for Sustainability World Secretariat