Climate and Energy / Integrated Policies for Sustainable Societies
IGES Side Event at Smart City Week 2013
"Introducing Low Carbon Cities in Asia"
This seminar looked at ways to facilitate economic growth in Asia while improving living standards. Representatives from cities across the region discussed leap-frogging and environmentally-friendly strategies when transitioning to a low-carbon and recycling based society. The aim is to develop a network that will allow knowledge transfer between cities, introducing Japan's low-carbon technologies and a new Japanese crediting mechanism (i.e. Joint Crediting Mechanism.)
|Date and Time||Oct. 22 2013 9:00-12:00|
|Venue||PACIFICO YOKOHAMA, Conference Center 5F
1-1-1 Minato Mirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama 220-0012, Japan >>access
|Organisers||Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
Ministry of the Environment, Japan
|Number of participants||180|
|Fee||Free of charge|
|Language||English /Japanese with simultaneous interpretation|
|Promotion of the Green City in Surabaya by Intercity Cooperation
Naoki Motoshima, Business Support Director, Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society, Environment Bureau, Kitakyushu City Government
|Cooperation between Ho Chi Ming City & Osaka
Nguyen Trung Viet, Manager, Ho Chi Minh Climate Change Bureau, Department of Natural Resources and Environment
|Cooperation between Ho Chi Ming City & Osaka (in Japanese)
Makoto Mihara, Manager, Planning and Coordination Department, Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC)
|Iskandar Malaysia: Towards Green Growth
Boyd Dionysius Jouman, Senior Vice President, Environment, Iskandar Regional Development
|Low Carbon Transitions – Key Issues
Maimunah Mohd Sharif, Municipal President, Municipal Council Seberang Perai
|Joint Crediting Mechanism in North Sumatra
Hidayati Wan, Director of Environmental Protection Agency of North Sumatra Province, North Sumatra, Indonesia / Environmental Protection Agency
|The Low Carbon Model District in Da Nang City, Vietnam – Initial Findings
Nguyen Thi Kim Ha, Official, The Office of the City Steering Committee of Response for Climate Change and Sea Level Rise of Da Nang City
|Low Carbon in Yangon City
San Shwe Tun, Head of department, Markets Department of Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC)
|Population: Increase – Water Demand : Increase
Noravin Ma, Director of Production and Distribution Department, Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority
|JICA’s Holistic Approach to Low Carbon City (LCC)
Naoki Mori, Director, Office for Climate Change, Global Environment Department, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
|Greenhouse Gas Inventories – The foundation for low-carbon cities
Wee Keen Fong, Senior Associate/Project Manager, Global GHG Protocol City Project, World Resources Institute
1. Opening remarks
Mr. Junichi Shiraishi, Vice-Minister for Global Environmental Affairs, Ministry of the Environment, Japan explained that MOEJ cooperates with ADB and JICA to promote the mobilisation of low-carbon cities in Asia through the Joint Crediting Mechanisms (JCM). He delivered his acknowledgement and introduced the speakers from local governments in Asian countries who then presented on mitigation initiatives in their cities.
2. Surabaya / Kitakyushu bilateral partnership
Ms. Tri Rismaharini, Mayor, City Government of Surabaya, introduced Surabaya city and the characteristics of the city and its people. She explained that Surubaya developed into a low-carbon city by taking action in Solid Waste management with international cooperation from Kitakyushu. The process is first, the government offers its support by giving people a compost basket, the so-called Takakura basket. Citizens then use the basket and receive various environmental and economic benefits. Recently, Kitakyushu City has also supported the improvement of waste water management. This contributes to the prevention of diseases such as dengue fever.
Mr. Naoki Motoshima, Business Support Director, Kitakyushu Asian Center for Low Carbon Society, Environment Bureau, Kitakyushu City Government, explained that collaboration with Surabaya started in 1997. JCM projects in Surabaya cities are under preparation in the energy, and city transport sectors, in cooperation with MOEJ, JICA and METI. The SIER-industrial estate has plans to introduce co-generation project. Kitakyushu City has also cooperated to develop a master plan for 2025-2050.
3. Ho Chi Minh/ Osaka bilateral partnership
Dr. Nguyen Trung Viet, Manager, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Ho Chi Minh Climate Change Bureau, introduced the collaboration with Osaka City for Waste to Energy which will reduce about 90% of waste in the city. The collaboration also includes capacity development, exchange staff from Ho Chi Minh City to Osaka City. The latest cooperative activity is on solid waste separation. It is also hoped that cooperation is extended to energy saving/efficiency projects between Osaka and Ho Chi Minh.
Mr. Makoto Mihara, Mihara, Manager, Planning and Coordination Department, Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) mentioned that collaboration between Osaka City and Ho Chi Minh City started about 20 years ago. This year, the two cities received support under the JCM project. The areas of collaboration are waste management, transport, water supply and sewage. A cooperation project under JCM with financial support from Osaka and GEC will bridge the relationship between city mayors yesterday.
4. Iskandar’s multilateral partnerships
Mr. Boyd Dionysius Jouman, Senior Vice President, Environment, Iskandar Regional Development Authority explained that Iskandar collaborated closely with Japan in 2010. The green focus agenda in Iskandar focuses on federal policies and a comprehensive development plan. There are several blueprints in Iskandar and green economic guidelines are under preparation. The three main focuses of Iskandar City are Green Economy, Green Community and Green Development. Currently four companies have started feasibility studies for JCM, but there is no MOU yet between Japan and Malaysia for JCM-related activities.
5. Panel Discussion
Ms. Maimunah Mohd Sharif, Municipal President, Municipal Council Seberang Perai stated that the new motto of Penang City is Cleaner-Greener-Safer. Solid waste management is a challenge in Penang. Key issues were identified as lack of technology, how to reduce solid waste management costs, and way to improve education and awareness.
Dr. Hidayati Wan, Director of Environmental Protection Agency of North Sumatra Province, North Sumatra, Indonesia/ Environmental Protection Agency stated that waste management and waste water management could have a large negative impact on biodiversity. He added that there is major potential for GHG emissions reduction at palm oil factories for JCM projects.
Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Ha, Official, The Office of the City Steering Committee of Response for Climate Change and Sea Level Rise of Da Nang City stated that the low-carbon city of Danang has a model district that promotes EV motorbike, a public transportation system, Biomass and CASBEE.
Mr. San Shwe Tun, Head of department, Markets Department of Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) stated that the current system for solid waste management is open dumping disposal. Yangon City is planning to construct sanitary landfill, 3R and bio-gas to electric.
Mr. Noravin Ma, Director of Production and Distribution Department, Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority explained that the water supply management in Phnom Penh faces issues of high leakage, increased demand and extension of the network. It also needs more energy to increase the production of water and to improve energy efficiency.
Mr. Naoki Mori, Director, Office for Climate Change, Global Environment Department, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) presented the concept of JICA project includes sustainability, city to city cooperation, and involvement of the private sector. Financial support from ODA could be regarded as an opportunity to start a project but other support or revenue from the private sector is also an important source of budget to sustainably operate a project. In terms of project implementation in host countries, transparency of the process, fairness and involvement from local banks are also key factors.
Mr. Wee Keen Fong, Senior Associate/Project Manager, Global GHG Protocol City Project, World Resources Institute explained that the challenges to measure GHG emissions in city are inconsistency of data, unclear boundaries, capacity to deal with data, and transparency. To tackle those issues, higher awareness, technical capacity building and data availability are key components. WRI will provide an Excel format to calculate GHG emissions, as well as a webinar and a common format to acquire data sets. South-south cooperation could have potential impact to facilitate those activities.
6. Question and answers
During this session, there were questions of how to promote low-carbon project and financial support for the projects. It was emphasised that GHG emissions reduction activities would bring co-benefits to local stakeholders. Different from traditional environmental issues such as air pollution and water pollution, the challenge on promoting mitigation projects is how to quantify emissions reduction and manage relevant systems including inventories. The government of Japan would provide capacity building programmes on those issues as well as financial incentives through the JCM.