Interviews TOP

no.015 [Nov. 2010]
Jusen ASUKA (Director, IGES Climate Change Group)
no.014 [Aug. 2010]
Magnus BENGTSSON (Director, IGES Sustainable Consumption and Production Group)
no.013 [Feb. 2010]
Masanori KOBAYASHI (Coordinator, IGES Programme Management Office)
no.012 [Sep. 2009]
Charmine KODA (Journalist & IGES Board Director)
no.011 [Feb. 2009]
Peter KING (Senior Policy Advisor, IGES Bangkok Office)
no.010 [Nov. 2008]
Rajendra PACHAURI (Director-General, TERI) & Dr. Rabinder MALIK (Coordinator, TERI-Japan)
no.009 [Aug. 2008]
Hideaki KOYANAGI (Director, IGES Beijing Office)
no.008 [Feb.2008]
Taka HIRAISHI (Member of the Board of Directors & Senior Consultant, IGES)
no.007 [Jul.2007]
(Chair of the Board of Directors, IGES)
no.006 [Mar.2007]
(Policy Researcher, IGES)
no.005 [Jul.2006]
ANCHA Srinivasan
(Principal Research Fellow, IGES)
no.004 [Mar.2006]
(Policy Researcher, IGES)
no.003 [Nov.2005]
(Policy Researcher, IGES)
no.002 [Jun.2005]
(Policy Researcher, IGES)
(Former Chair of the Board of Directors, IGES)

E-alert Interviews (November 2008)
Partnership between TERI and IGES Towards a Low-Carbon Economy

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India and IGES have been building a strong partnership over the past few years.

IGES and TERI will co-organise a symposium entitled "Partnership between Japan and India Towards a Low Carbon Economy - Business Opportunities in India: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy -", in collaboration with the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC).
For detailed information on the symposium, click here.

In the following interview commemorating this joint symposium, we asked Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Director-General of TERI, who also serves as the Chair of the IPCC which received the Nobel peace prize in 2007, to give a message for the symposium and further collaborative work with TERI and IGES. We also invited Dr. Rabinder Malik, Coordinator of TERI-Japan which is located in the IGES Tokyo office, to talk about TERI's activities.

Message from Dr. Pachauri

----What is the most important message which you would like to convey to the industries and businesses in Japan at the upcoming TERI-IGES symposium?

Develop business linkages between Japanese and Indian organisations

Industries and businesses in Japan have a remarkable record of innovation, particularly for improving energy efficiency and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Given this background and the very healthy rate of growth that is currently taking place in the Indian economy, there are unique opportunities for Japanese organisations to develop relationships with Indian organisations and establish business linkages. It is hoped that the symposium will provide directions on Indiafs search for healthy economic growth with protection of natural resources and a lower carbon footprint.

Dr. Pachauri gives the key note speech at the Special Symposium on "Climate Change and Water" in Commemoration of the G8 Environment Ministers Meeting(May 2008, Kobe, Japan)

----What are the key roles that TERI and IGES can play in terms of promoting technology transfer between India and Japan towards a low carbon economy?

Towards the compatibility of economic success and reduction of emissions
TERI and IGES have an important role in promoting technology transfer between India and Japan for the purpose of achieving a low carbon economy, because both are research organisations with intellectual strengths. The identification of priorities in technology transfer and development would require careful analysis, so that not only is the final outcome economical but also most effective in terms of reduction of emissions.

----- What are you hoping from future collaboration between TERI and IGES?

TERI and IGES can develop a collaborative relationship which is dynamic and forward looking. On this basis both TERI and IGES can continue to identify potential technology transfer opportunities and maintain a review on an ongoing basis of achievements from previous efforts. TERI and IGES can also carry out policy analysis by which they could help governments in both countries to provide proactive and conducive policies for collaboration between business entities in Japan and India for the purpose of promoting low carbon economic growth.

----- Thank you very much.

Dr. Pachauri with IGES staff at the IGES 10th Anniversary Symposium
"Strategic approaches for climate change in Asia" (June 2008, Yokohama, Japan)

Dr. Malik, Coordinator of TERI-Japan

Activities at TERI and further partnership between Japan and India

TERI Japan Office (TERI-Japan) was established in 2001 and is located in the IGES Tokyo Office. Dr. Rabinder Malik, the coodinator of TERI-Japan, has lived in Japan for over 30 years and also teaches at Keio University. Prior to launching TERI-Japan, he served as the executive officer of the United Nations University.

In this interview, he tells us about the activities of TERI in India, Japan and world-wide and the partnership between Japan and India for a low-carbon economy.

Cooperation between TERI and IGES - addressing issues together from a developing country and a developed country perspective

---- Could you tell us about the relationship between TERI and IGES and what has been achieved so far?

TERI and IGES have been collaborating for seven or eight years now. In 2001, TERI-Japan was set up in the IGES Tokyo office. We had the inaugural symposium the same year.

Dr. Pachauri is on the board of directors of IGES, so the connection was already there. In the initial stages I know we also had an exchange of researchers and collaborative research projects. I am hoping to have many such exchanges of researchers between TERI and IGES in the future.

TERI, of course, is an Indian research institution, located in India, but its scope is really broad, in the sense that the issues that it deals with, issues of energy and sustainable development, are global in nature. So, therefore, it has to work with other organisations.

Over the last five or six years, Dr. Pachauri has had many more opportunities to visit Japan. He has probably visited Japan 150 times. TERI has felt from that time that there should be more collaboration with Japan in the areas of energy and environment. So, IGES was a natural partner for us. Dr. Pachauri believes that the Japanese and Indians have much to learn from each other. And he admires Japanese culture very much, as do I. The idea is that the two institutions can address issues from two different perspectives: one from a developing country perspective, one from a developed country perspective. And they naturally can bring the two viewpoints together.

Last year, Prof. Hamanaka of IGES and Dr. Pachauri met in India and they decided to further strengthen our relationship. So that is why we have now together joined this symposium as the kick-off for the future collaborative project.

India-Japan partnership: a win-win collaboration

----Please tell us about the new TERI-IGES joint research project on India-Japan cooperation on technology transfer of low carbon technologies.

Yes, this is going to be something we are going to pursue - research on India-Japan cooperation on technology transfer. In certain technologies, like solar energy, Japan is very far advanced. Of course, India will not be the only one to be learning, as there are certain technologies in which India is quite strong also. Particularly India is a developing country so it may give some insights to Japan. We should be asking how does India utilise certain technologies, how does it apply them, so I think there are mutual benefits.

For a developed country to support a developing one, you have to find technologies which are appropriate for that country. So, therefore, one has to find possibilities of applying the technologies, to utilise what is available domestically, and, most importantly, make sure that they are renewable. That is why there has been so much emphasis on biomass and biofuel. Furthermore, we talk about the use of coal for example. You cannot tell China or India not to use coal, because it is there and they will continue to use it. So what is the answer? The answer is to help them find the technology to use it so it is sustainable and does not cause pollution. I think that is one area that is definitely worthwhile to investigate. We need to do more and more research so that Japan and India can collaborate. We cannot depend on oil because sooner or later, it is going to run dry, so we need to shift to a low carbon society.

TERI's role - policy recommendation for the implementation of a low carbon society

--- Please tell us about TERIfs activities in detail in the area of sustainable development.
Dr. Pachauri plays two roles, you see. He is the head of TERI, but he is also the Chairman of the IPCC. So that brings another perspective - an international perspective to TERIfs activities, and in return, the experience of India comes also into play there.

TERI is not a body of the government of India; it is a separate autonomous not-for-profit organisation. However the government does listen to Dr. Pachaurifs words and follows his advice. They think it is good advice which they take into account when making policies. The government of India makes policies, TERI does not make Indian policy, but TERI can influence the Indian policy towards promoting safe environment, with less pollution. So TERIfs role is very useful, a very important role.

TERI organises the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS) which has been held every year since it started in 2001. People come to the DSDS from all the regions of the world, like Africa, Scandinavia, other countries and regions, because they bring different perspectives, which are all addressed. IGES has participated in every DSDS so far. The idea is that the concept of sustainable development should be useful for the whole world, so this forum was used in India to get across that message about sustainable development.
Mr. Matsuzawa, governor of Kanagawa Prefecture, receives a solar torch from Dr. Pachauri at the IGES 10th Anniversary Symposium "Strategic approaches for climate change in Asia" (June 2008, Yokohama, Japan)

TERI also started a solar lantern project called "Lighting a Billion Lives", which started from the villages in India, then spread all over the world. Here in Japan, the project is being promoted, mainly by NPOs. Kanagawa Prefecture is also very active in the promotion of the project.

What India and Japan collaborate and learn through those activities it is not only just beneficial for India and Japan, I think it is for the benefit of other countries including developing countries, and also for the whole world in many ways.

---- Thank you very much.


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